Immunotherapy in association with stereotactic radiotherapy for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer brain metastases: results from a multicentric retrospective study on behalf of AIRO.
Published on May 29, 2021in Neuro-oncology10.247
· DOI :10.1093/NEUONC/NOAB129
BACKGROUND To define efficacy and toxicity of Immunotherapy (IT) with stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) including radiosurgery (RS) or hypofractionated SRT (HFSRT) for brain metastases (BM) from Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) in a multicentric retrospective study from AIRO (Italian Association of Radiotherapy and Clinical Oncology). METHODS NSCLC patients with BM receiving SRT+IT and treated in 19 Italian centers were analysed and compared with a control group of patients treated with exclusive SRT. RESULTS One hundred patients treated with SRT+IT and 50 patients treated with SRT-alone were included. Patients receiving SRT+IT had a longer intracranial Local Progression Free Survival (iLPFS) (propensity score-adjusted p=0.007). Among patients who, at the diagnosis of BM, received IT and had also extracranial progression (n=24), IT administration after SRT was shown to be related to a better overall survival (OS) (p=0.037). At multivariate analysis, non-adenocarcinoma histology, KPS =70 and use of HFSRT were associated with a significantly worse survival (p=0.019, p=0.017 and p=0.007 respectively). Time interval between SRT and IT ≤7 days (n=90) was shown to be related to a longer OS if compared to SRT-IT interval >7 days (n=10) (propensity score-adjusted p=0.008). The combined treatment was well tolerated. No significant difference in terms of radionecrosis between SRT+IT patients and SRT-alone patients was observed. Time interval between SRT and IT had no impact on toxicity rate. CONCLUSIONS Combined SRT+IT was a safe approach, associated with a better iLPFS if compared to exclusive SRT.