Agro-morphological and metabolomics analysis of low nitrogen stress response in Axonopus compressus.

Published on May 7, 2021in Aob Plants2.182
· DOI :10.1093/AOBPLA/PLAB022
Li He (JGSU: Jinggangshan University), Li Teng (Haida: Hainan University)+ 4 AuthorsLi Liao (Haida: Hainan University)
Axonopus compressus also known as carpet grass is a robust, stoloniferous grass that can grow in minimal fertilization and resists well to abiotic and biotic stresses including low nitrogen (LN) stress. This study aimed at characterizing the agro-morphological and metabolome responses to LN in carpet grass leaves. Under LN stress, carpet grass increased yellowness of leaves and root dry matter while reduced turf quality and shoot dry weight. The metabolome comparison between samples from optimum and LN conditions indicated 304 differentially accumulated metabolites (DAMs), which could be classified into 12 major and 31 subclasses. The results revealed that the leaf tissues accumulated more anthocyanins and other flavonoid metabolites under LN stress. Conversely, amino acids, nucleic acids and their derivatives were reduced in response to LN stress. The overall evaluation of individual metabolites and pathways, and previous studies on metabolomes indicated that carpet grass reduced its energy consumption in leaves and increased the level of organic acid metabolism and secondary metabolism in order to resist LN stress conditions.
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