The effect of high intraoperative blood loss on pancreatic fistula development after pancreatoduodenectomy: An international, multi-institutional propensity score matched analysis.

Published on Apr 27, 2021in Surgery3.356
· DOI :10.1016/J.SURG.2021.03.044
Fabio Casciani2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UPenn: University of Pennsylvania),
Maxwell T. Trudeau3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)
+ 52 AuthorsRonald R. Salem29
Estimated H-index: 29
Sources
Abstract
Abstract Background The association between intraoperative estimated blood loss and outcomes after pancreatoduodenectomy has, thus far, been rarely explored. Methods In total, 7,706 pancreatoduodenectomies performed at 18 international institutions composing the Pancreas Fistula Study Group were examined (2003–2020). High estimated blood loss (>700 mL) was defined as twice the median. Propensity score matching (1:1 exact-match) was employed to adjust for variables associated with high estimated blood loss and clinically relevant pancreatic fistula occurrence. The study was powered to detect a 33% clinically relevant pancreatic fistula increase in the high estimated blood loss group, with α = 0.05 and β = 0.2. Results The propensity score model included 966 patients with high estimated blood loss and 966 patients with lower estimated blood loss; all covariate imbalantces were solved. Patients with high estimated blood loss patients experienced higher clinically relevant pancreatic fistula rates (19.4 vs 12.6%, odds ratio 1.66; P Conclusion This study better establishes the relationship between estimated blood loss and outcomes after pancreatoduodenectomy. Despite inherent contributions to blood loss, its minimization is an actionable opportunity for clinically relevant pancreatic fistula reduction and performance optimization in pancreatoduodenectomy. Accordingly, practical insights are offered to achieve this goal.
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OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to validate and optimize the alternative Fistula Risk Score (a-FRS) for patients undergoing minimally invasive pancreatoduodenectomy (MIPD) in a large pan-European cohort. BACKGROUND: MIPD may be associated with an increased risk of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). The a-FRS could allow for risk-adjusted comparisons in research and improve preventive strategies for high-risk patients. The a-FRS, however, has not yet been validated specifically for lapa...
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OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of intraoperative EBL on development of CR-POPF after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). BACKGROUND Minimizing EBL has been shown to decrease transfusions and provide better perioperative outcomes in PD. EBL is also felt to be influential on CR-POPF development. METHODS This study consists of 5534 PDs from a 17-institution collaborative (2003-2018). EBL was progressively categorized (≤150 mL; 151-400 mL; 401-1,000 mL; >1,000 mL). Impact of additive EBL was assessed usi...
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Importance The operative scenarios with the highest postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) risk represent situations in which fistula prevention and mitigation strategies have the strongest potential to affect surgical outcomes after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Evidence from studies providing risk stratification is lacking. Objective To investigate whether pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) or pancreaticogastrostomy (PG), both with externalized transanastomotic stent, is the best reconstruction method fo...
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OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to elucidate the impact of intraoperative blood loss on outcomes following pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). BACKGROUND:The negative impact of intraoperative blood loss on outcomes in PD has long been suspected but not well characterized, particularly those factors that may be within surgeons' control. METHODS:From 2001 to 2015, 5323 PDs were performed by 62 surgeons from 17 institutions. Estimated blood loss (EBL) was discretized (0 to 300, 301 to 750, 751 to 1300,...
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Abstract Background Pancreatoduodenectomy is associated with a high risk of complications. The aim was to identify preoperative risk factors for major intraoperative bleeding. Methods Patients registered for pancreatoduodenectomy in the Swedish National Pancreatic and Periampullary Cancer Registry, 2011 to 2016, were included. Major intraoperative bleeding was defined as ≥1000 ml. Univariable and multivariable analysis of preoperative parameters were performed. Results In total, 1864 patients we...
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Background Improvements in surgical outcomes are predicated on recognizing effective practices with subsequent adaptation. It is unknown whether risk assessment for pancreatic fistula (clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula [CR-POPF]) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) translates to improved patient outcomes at the practice level. Study design A prospectively collected, single-surgeon career experience (2003 to 2018) of 455 consecutive pancreatectomies (303 PDs and 152 distal pancr...
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Importance Sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity have been associated with poor outcomes in unresectable pancreatic cancer (PC). Neoadjuvant treatment (NT) is used increasingly to improve resectability; however, its effects on fat and muscle body composition have not been characterized. Objectives To evaluate whether NT affects muscle mass and adipose tissue in patients with borderline resectable PC (BRPC) and locally advanced PC (LAPC) and determine whether there were potential differences between ...
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BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate perioperative outcomes and survival in patients undergoing an artery-first approach to pancreatoduodenectomy in comparison with those having standard pancreatoduodenectomy. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews was performed in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. Comparative studies including patients who underwent artery-first pancreatoduodenectomy and...
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Objective:The aim of this study was to identify the optimal fistula mitigation strategy following pancreaticoduodenectomy.Background:The utility of technical strategies to prevent clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula (CR-POPF) following pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) may vary by the circ
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Background Failure to rescue (FTR) is a quality-of-care indicator in pancreatic surgery, but may also identify patients who may not tolerate major postoperative complications despite being treated with best available care. Previous studies found that high visceral adipose tissue-to-skeletal muscle ratio is associated with poor outcomes following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). The aim of the study is to assess the impact of sarcopenic obesity on occurrence of FTR from major complications in cancer...
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