Longitudinal Compression Failure of 3D Printed Continuous Carbon Fiber Reinforced Composites: An Experimental and Computational Study

Published on Apr 18, 2021in Composites Part A-applied Science and Manufacturing6.444
· DOI :10.1016/J.COMPOSITESA.2021.106416
Haibin Tang5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Nanjing University of Science and Technology),
Qingping Sun8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Ford Motor Company)
+ 2 AuthorsWentao Yan18
Estimated H-index: 18
(NUS: National University of Singapore)
Abstract Fused filament fabrication (FFF) with continuous carbon fiber filaments has proven to be a promising manufacturing technique in engineering applications. To provide guidance in the design of 3D printed carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFPR) components, the longitudinal compression failure of continuous CFPR composites using the FFF technique is investigated systematically. First, longitudinal compression tests are performed for 3D printed continuous CFRP composites with and without designed waved filaments. The degradation of the failure strength is remarkable when the waved filaments are introduced. Nevertheless, further degradation is limited when more waved filaments are adopted. Next, the fracture morphologies are analyzed, and in-plane and out-of-plane kink-bands are observed in the microscopic images. For the specimens with waved filaments, fracture occurs at the cross-section with the contact region of the waved and regular filaments, as well as the cross-section with the maximum misalignment angle. Correspondingly, a computational framework for 3D printed continuous CFPR composites is established to explore the longitudinal compression failure mechanisms. The meso-scale computational models are reconstructed according to the geometric features of the deposited continuous CFRP filaments and the actual void volume fraction. The elastic properties of the filament are calculated by a micro-scale representative volume element (RVE) model, which is based on the fiber random distribution algorithm. The plastic deformation and failure is described by a filament constitutive model which is established by the Liu-Huang-Stout yield criterion and a simplified Tsai-Wu failure criterion. The experimental validation demonstrates the feasibility of the computational models to predict the stress-strain curves of 3D printed materials, and also capture the realistic longitudinal compression failure behavior.
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