Application of Pickering emulsion and 3D printing for personalized nutrition. Part I: Development of reduced-fat printable cheese analogue ink

Published on Apr 21, 2021in Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects3.99
· DOI :10.1016/J.COLSURFA.2021.126641
Mahdiyar Shahbazi4
Estimated H-index: 4
(BOKU: University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna),
Henry Jäger14
Estimated H-index: 14
(BOKU: University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna),
Rammile Ettelaie23
Estimated H-index: 23
(University of Leeds)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract The application of surface-active biopolymers supports opening up the novel prospects to generate well-defined printable ink for 3D printing. In this regard, an ideal ink must show pseudoplastic, viscoelastic, and thixotropic characters with a recoverable structure to be effectively printed with desired printability. Here, microcrystalline cellulose was hydrophobically modified through a facile and sustainable acetylation method, and then the functionalized microcrystalline cellulose was incorporated into a casein-based emulsion for being replaced to its partial fat (15-60% fat reduced). The significant effect of micro-biosurfactant on the rheological properties of casein-based emulsion enhanced its shear-thinning, thixotropic, and viscoelastic features. The higher ratios of micro-biosurfactant produced an emulsion with greater elastic modulus, smaller droplets with monomodal distribution, improved stability to the permanent deformation, and increased the nonlinear behavior under large amplitude oscillatory shear stress. The results of the temperature ramp also confirmed the thermoreversible property of the ink, which was noticeably dependent on the ratios of micro-biosurfactant. The results of this study gave fundamental knowledge about the emulsion stability in terms of the contribution of the hydrophobically modified microcrystalline cellulose to interface stability and resistance to prompt shear stress and deformation, which might gain a profound understanding of biomaterials printability and extrudability.
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