Blended polar/nonpolar peptide conjugate interferes with human insulin amyloid-mediated cytotoxicity.

Published on Apr 9, 2021in Bioorganic Chemistry4.831
· DOI :10.1016/J.BIOORG.2021.104899
Shantanu Sen (IITK: Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur), Prerana Singh3
Estimated H-index: 3
(IITK: Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur)
+ 3 AuthorsSandeep Verma52
Estimated H-index: 52
(IITK: Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur)
Abstract Insulin, a peptide hormone and a key regulator of blood glucose level, is routinely administered to type-I diabetic patients to achieve the required glycemic control. Insulin aggregation and ensuing amyloidosis has been observed at repeated insulin injection sites and in injectable formulations. The latter occurs due to insulin agglomeration during shipping and storage. Such insulin amyloid leads to enhanced immunogenicity and allow potential attachment to cell membranes leading to cell permeability and apoptosis. Small molecule inhibitors provide useful interruption of this process and inhibit protein misfolding as well as amyloid formation. In this context, we report the propensity of a palmitoylated peptide conjugate to inhibit insulin aggregation and amyloid-mediated cytotoxicity, via designed interference with polypeptide interfacial interactions.
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