Qualitative Research in Clinical Epidemiology.

Published on Jan 1, 2021in Methods of Molecular Biology
· DOI :10.1007/978-1-0716-1138-8_20
Stephanie Thompson13
Estimated H-index: 13
(U of A: University of Alberta),
Kara Schick-Makaroff12
Estimated H-index: 12
(U of A: University of Alberta)
Source
Abstract
This chapter provides an overview of qualitative research approaches in the study of health, disease, and health service delivery and summarizes important considerations when designing research studies to address questions that ask the "how," "why," or "what" of a particular issue. As qualitative research encompasses distinct methodologies, brief descriptions of the main approaches and examples from the literature are provided. Guidance on how to evaluate quality in the design and reporting of qualitative studies is also discussed.
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#1Katharine Secunda (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 3
#2M. Jeanne Wirpsa (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 4
Last. Jacqueline M. Kruser (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 11
view all 11 authors...
Background The specific phrase “goals of care” (GOC) is pervasive in the discourse about serious illness care. Yet, the meaning of this phrase is ambiguous. We sought to characterize the use and meaning of the phrase GOC within the healthcare literature to improve communication among patients, families, clinicians, and researchers.
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The book Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches by Creswell (2014) covers three approaches— qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods. This educational book is informative and illustrative and is equally beneficial for students, teachers and researchers. Readers should have basic knowledge of research for better understanding of this book. There are two parts of the book. Part 1 (chapter 1-4) consists of steps for developing research proposal and part II (chapt...
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Objective To understand how a new patient education programme for renal recipients becomes situated and adapted when implemented in daily hospital teaching practice. The analysis focuses in particular on how principles of individual tailoring and patient involvement are adapted. Design Ethnographic observation study. 19 teaching sessions were observed, resulting in 35 pages of data written observation notes. Setting A Norwegian University hospital. The study included the transplantation (TX) pos...
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Coding is a ubiquitous part of the qualitative research process, but it is often under-considered in research methods training and literature. This article explores a number of questions about the coding process which are often raised by beginning researchers, in the light of the recommendations of methods textbooks and the factors which contribute to an answer to these questions. I argue for a conceptualisation of coding as a decision-making process, in which decisions about aspects of coding s...
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A qualitative description design is particularly relevant where information is required directly from those experiencing the phenomenon under investigation and where time and resources are limited. Nurses and midwives often have clinical questions suitable to a qualitative approach but little time to develop an exhaustive comprehension of qualitative methodological approaches. Qualitative description research is sometimes considered a less sophisticated approach for epistemological reasons. Anot...
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Background and objectives Comprehensive evaluations are required to safeguard voluntarism and minimize harm to living kidney donors. This process is lengthy, invasive, and emotionally challenging, with up to one fifth of potential donors opting out. We aimed to describe donors’ experiences of the evaluation process. Design, setting, participants, & measurements We conducted 14 focus groups involving 123 kidney donors who completed donation from three transplant centers (Australia and Canada). Tr...
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