Carbon/Carbon Composites

Published on Jan 1, 2018
· DOI :10.1007/978-981-13-0538-2_8
Soo-Jin Park110
Estimated H-index: 110
(Inha University)
Sources
Abstract
Carbon fiber-reinforced carbon matrix composites (C/C composites) have excellent properties such as specific strength and specific elastic modulus, along with excellent fatigue resistance, thermal shock resistance, ablation resistance, frictional properties, lightweight, heat/thermal conductivity, and dimensional stability. C/C composites are the materials that exhibit almost no decline in mechanical properties, even at 2000–3000 °C, when protected from oxidation. A method of directly coating the surface of the fiber, to form an oxide film on the surface of the produced composite material, and method for loading directly into the filler when producing the resin have been proposed as the method for imparting antioxidation properties typical. This chapter is a detailed review on the manufacturing methods, antioxidation properties, and applications of C/C composites.
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
20162.91Vacuum
4 Authors (Wei Yang, ..., Hai-dong Shang)
10 Citations
16 Citations
References92
Newest
#1Chuang Wang (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 12
#2Kezhi Li (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 56
Last. Zhigang Zhao (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 12
view all 6 authors...
Abstract To analyze the effect of different ablation angles on the ablative property of carbon/carbon(C/C) composites modified by ZrB2-SiC, C/C-ZrB2-SiC composites (ZS) were prepared via precursor infiltration and pyrolysis (PIP). The prepared composites (ZS) were then ablated by oxyacetylene flame at 90° and 0° angles (ZS-90° and ZS-0°), respectively. The results show that, at ZS-0° angle, the ablation resistance was worse due to the existence of turbulent flame. The temperature in the inner co...
4 CitationsSource
#1Hai-liang Deng (Anhui University of Technology)H-Index: 2
#2Kezhi Li (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 56
Last. Guangsheng Song (Anhui University of Technology)H-Index: 2
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Nanofilamentous carbon (NFC) reinforced carbon/carbon composites were produced by floating catalyst chemical vapor infiltration. The study on the tribological properties showed that, the average friction coefficient and wear rate decreased firstly before an increase with the rising catalyst content from 0 to 1.2 wt% and treatment temperature from 2100 to 2500 °C. The composites exhibited low wear rate and stable friction coefficient with the catalyst at 0.5–0.8 wt% and treatment of 2300...
7 CitationsSource
#1Ding Chen (WUST: Wuhan University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 6
#2Huazhi Gu (WUST: Wuhan University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 15
Last. Yanwen Deng (WUST: Wuhan University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 3
view all 4 authors...
Abstract SiC castables exhibit degraded properties in static air at 1700 °C, due to the formation of gaseous products. The efficiency of different contents of Zr in SiC castables was evaluated by considering sintered properties, mechanical performance, isothermal oxidation behavior, and microstructural analysis of the SiC castables. Specimens with more Zr exhibited enhanced mechanical behavior and anti-oxidation capability. The addition of Zr decreased the evaporation of SiO 2 by reducing its eq...
7 CitationsSource
#1Yan Jiang (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 7
#2Dong Feng (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 3
Last. Cuiping Zhang (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 8
view all 5 authors...
Abstract In order to protect graphite materials from oxidation, a dense single layer ZrB2-MoSi2-SiC-Si coating was for the first time prepared on the surface of graphite substrate by slurry dipping and vapor silicon infiltration process. The phase compositions and microstructure of the prepared coating were analyzed by XRD and SEM. The isothermal thermal cycle oxidation tests were conducted at 1600 °C in air. The results showed that the prepared coating exhibited excellent oxidation protection a...
20 CitationsSource
#1Changcong Wang (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 14
#2Kezhi Li (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 56
Last. Xiaohong Shi (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 21
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Uniformly SiC coating was established on carbon/carbon (C/C) composites using halide activated pack cementation (HAPC). The siliconizing temperature in HAPC process played an evident effect on the deposition efficiency and oxidation behavior of SiC coating. The SiC coating revealed a typical crystalline structure with limited porosity and combined well with the substrate. Oxidation tests showed that the coating can withstand the 25 h of continuous isothermal oxidation at 1773 K and 10 t...
20 CitationsSource
#1Xing Li (SWPU: Southwest Petroleum University)H-Index: 24
#2Yao Tang (SWPU: Southwest Petroleum University)H-Index: 3
Last. Yuehe Lin (WSU: Washington State University)H-Index: 129
view all 9 authors...
Abstract A self-supporting and flexible activated carbon/carbon nanotube/reduced graphene oxide (AC/CNT/RGO) film has been rationally designed for constructing high-performance supercapacitor. The AC/CNT/RGO film is prepared by anchoring the AC particles with a 3D and porous framework built by hierarchically weaving the 1 D CNT and 2D RGO using their intrinsic van der Waals force. The CNT network is beneficial for improving the electronic conductivity of the electrode, while the AC particles cou...
148 CitationsSource
#1Qingliang Shen (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 11
#2Hejun Li (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 68
Last. Qiang Song (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 26
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Carbon nanotubes have been electrophoretically deposited on carbon fibers to improve the flexural performance of laminated carbon/carbon composites. The synergy effect between carbon nanotubes and different textured pyrocarbon matrix has been investigated. Mechanical testing results showed that after introducing nanotubes into low-texture-matrix and high-texture-matrix composites, their flexural strength increased by 13.9% (up to 197 MPa) and 89.6% (up to 309 MPa), respectively. Excessi...
15 CitationsSource
#1Chenghai Xu (HIT: Harbin Institute of Technology)H-Index: 5
#2Leying Song (HIT: Harbin Institute of Technology)H-Index: 4
Last. Hua Jin (HIT: Harbin Institute of Technology)H-Index: 9
view all 6 authors...
Abstract The effects of complex state of stress on the compressive behaviour of 3D carbon/carbon composites are investigated by application of uniaxial and biaxial loadings using a specially developed Zwick cruciform testing facility. The shape of the biaxially loaded cruciform specimen is optimised to avoid premature fracture outside the gauge section. A semi-analytical method is proposed to determine the stress components in the gauge section of the biaxial specimen. The experimentally obtaine...
6 CitationsSource
#1Hai-Bo Zhao (Sichuan University)H-Index: 19
#2Jin-Bo Cheng (Sichuan University)H-Index: 6
Last. Yu-Zhong Wang (Sichuan University)H-Index: 95
view all 3 authors...
Abstract A novel Co@crystalline carbon@carbon aerogel composite with yolk-shell structure was fabricated via a green and facile method using biomass-based alginate aerogels as precursor. In the resultant composite, a large amount of highly crystallized Co nanoparticles (∼41.5 wt%) with a diameter of 5–20 nm was coated with crystalline carbon layer and evenly embedded in the porous carbon aerogel matrix. Due to core-shell Co@crystalline carbon structure, the thermal oxidation stability of the com...
45 CitationsSource
#1M. Jafari (IAU: Islamic Azad University)H-Index: 1
#2Javad Mostaghimi (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 52
Last. M. Rafiei (IAU: Islamic Azad University)H-Index: 12
view all 4 authors...
ABSTRACTA composite coating containing 10 wt-% of SiC and 90 wt-% CO-222 super alloy was coated with atmospheric plasma spray at two different currents on the surface of the 304 stainless steel. The aim of this research is to address the microstructure and phase formation during the plasma spray of Co-222/SiC composite coatings. The phase analysis, microstructure, surface morphology and microhardness of Co-222/SiC feedstock powder and the coating were characterised by X-ray diffraction, field em...
6 CitationsSource
Cited By5
Newest
#1Kun Li (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 39
#2Hejun Li (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 68
Last. Lehua Qi (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 26
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Methane is used as the carbon precursor for the fabrication of C/C composites by using chemical vapor infiltration. Demystify the heterogeneous reactions on the carbon surface during the pyrolysis of methane is important for us to understand the formation and growth of the pyrocarbon. In this paper, the dissociation mechanisms from CH4 to C2H2 on pristine graphene, N-doped graphene, and vacancy graphene during the chemical vapor infiltration process are systematically studied using the ...
Source
#1Kun Li (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 39
#2Ni Li (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 1
Last. Hejun Li (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 68
view all 7 authors...
Abstract In this paper, the adsorption mechanisms between different species (CH3, CH4, C2H2, C2H4, C2H6, and C6H6) and the carbon-based materials (pristine graphene, N-doped graphene, and vacancy graphene) during the chemical vapor infiltration process were systematically studied using the density functional theory. The optimized adsorption configurations were obtained by using Dmol3 code in Material Studio. The adsorption energies, Mulliken atomic charges, density of states, and charge density ...
19 CitationsSource
#1Kun Li (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 39
#2Hejun Li (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 68
Last. Qiang Song (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 26
view all 6 authors...
A density functional theory (DFT) study was employed to explore the mechanism of the conversion of methane to benzene in chemical vapor infiltration (CVI) based on the concluded reaction pathways from C1-species to C6-species. The geometry optimization and vibrational frequency analysis of all the chemical species and transition states (TS) were performed with B3LYP along with a basis set of 6–311 +G(d, p), and Gaussian 09 software was used to perform the study. The rate constants were calculate...
2 CitationsSource
Abstract Graphite is used as a structural material, neutron moderator and reflector in some designs of nuclear reactors. The core of a prismatic or pebble bed type High Temperature Reactor (HTR) is also comprised of graphite components. In addition to HTRs, it is also used as a structural material in the Molten Salt Breeder Reactor (MSBR). It’s response to postulated accidental condition is a critical aspect of probabilistic safety assessment studies for such futuristic reactor designs. Generati...
1 CitationsSource
#1Jia-Ping Zhang (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)
#2Junling Qu (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 12
Last. Qiangang Fu (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 56
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Nose-shaped C/C-H fB 2 -SiC with good mechanical property were fabricated by PIP. During ablation in 2.38 MW/m 2 using oxyacetylene torch, the composites showed good ablation performance and structural stability. Because of the nose-shaped feature, protective ablation products including borosilicate glass, HfO 2 -glass and HfO 2 scale covered on the surface according to their distances to the nose tip, which were beneficial for enduring the heating conditions. As heat flux increased to ...
15 CitationsSource