cROStalk for Life: Uncovering ROS Signaling in Plants and Animal Systems, from Gametogenesis to Early Embryonic Development.

Published on Apr 3, 2021in Genes4.096
· DOI :10.3390/GENES12040525
Valentina Lodde26
Estimated H-index: 26
(University of Milan),
Piero Morandini23
Estimated H-index: 23
+ 2 AuthorsIgnacio Ezquer15
Estimated H-index: 15
(University of Milan)
This review explores the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS)/Ca2+ in communication within reproductive structures in plants and animals. Many concepts have been described during the last years regarding how biosynthesis, generation products, antioxidant systems, and signal transduction involve ROS signaling, as well as its possible link with developmental processes and response to biotic and abiotic stresses. In this review, we first addressed classic key concepts in ROS and Ca2+ signaling in plants, both at the subcellular, cellular, and organ level. In the plant science field, during the last decades, new techniques have facilitated the in vivo monitoring of ROS signaling cascades. We will describe these powerful techniques in plants and compare them to those existing in animals. Development of new analytical techniques will facilitate the understanding of ROS signaling and their signal transduction pathways in plants and mammals. Many among those signaling pathways already have been studied in animals; therefore, a specific effort should be made to integrate this knowledge into plant biology. We here discuss examples of how changes in the ROS and Ca2+ signaling pathways can affect differentiation processes in plants, focusing specifically on reproductive processes where the ROS and Ca2+ signaling pathways influence the gametophyte functioning, sexual reproduction, and embryo formation in plants and animals. The study field regarding the role of ROS and Ca2+ in signal transduction is evolving continuously, which is why we reviewed the recent literature and propose here the potential targets affecting ROS in reproductive processes. We discuss the opportunities to integrate comparative developmental studies and experimental approaches into studies on the role of ROS/ Ca2+ in both plant and animal developmental biology studies, to further elucidate these crucial signaling pathways.
#1Sarah Johns (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 1
#2Takuma Hagihara (Saitama University)H-Index: 2
Last. Simon Gilroy (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 74
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#1Francisco J. Corpas (CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)H-Index: 79
#2Salvador González-Gordo (CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)H-Index: 12
Last. José M. Palma (CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)H-Index: 60
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Nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) are two key molecules in plant cells which participate, directly or indirectly, as regulators of protein functions through derived posttranslational modifications (PTMs) mainly tyrosine nitration, S-nitrosation and persulfidation. These PTMs allow the participation of both NO and H2S signal molecules in a wide range of cellular processes either physiological or under stressful circumstances. NADPH partakes in the cellular redox status and it is a key ...
#1Saradha Baskaran (Cleveland Clinic)H-Index: 11
#2Renata Finelli (Cleveland Clinic)H-Index: 10
Last. Ralf Henkel (UWC: University of the Western Cape)H-Index: 37
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Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are free radicals derived from oxygen during normal cellular metabolism. ROS play a crucial role in the physiological processes and signalling pathways associated with male fertility. At physiological concentrations, ROS act as molecular mediators of signal transduction pathways involved in the regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, spermatogenesis and steroidogenesis. They also trigger the morphological changes required for sperm maturation, such as...
Abstract Ozone is a secondary air pollutant, which causes oxidative stress in plants by producing reactive oxygen species (ROS) starting by an external attack of leaf apoplast. ROS have a dual role, acting as signaling molecules, regulating different physiological processes and response to stress, but also inducing oxidative damage. The production of ROS in plant cells is compartmented and regulated by scavengers and specific enzyme pathways. Chronic doses of ozone are known to trigger an import...
Cell wall integrity control in plants involves multiple signaling modules that are mostly defined by genetic interactions. The putative co-receptors FEI1 and FEI2 and the extracellular glycoprotein FLA4 present the core components of a signaling pathway that acts in response to environmental conditions and insults to cell wall structure to modulate the balance of various growth regulators and, ultimately, to regulate the performance of the primary cell wall. Although the previously established g...
#1Joon Yong An (College of Health Sciences, Bahrain)H-Index: 15
#2Jae Ho Jung (SNU: Seoul National University)H-Index: 1
Last. Brian G. Mohney (Mayo Clinic)H-Index: 32
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Purpose: To investigate candidate genes associated with familial strabismus and propose a theory of their interaction in familial strabismus associated with early neurodevelopment. Methods: Eighteen families, including 53 patients diagnosed with strabismus and 34 unaffected family members, were analyzed. All patients with strabismus and available unaffected family members were evaluated using whole exome sequencing. The primary outcome was to identify rare occurring variants among affected indiv...
#1Jelena Dumanovic (University of Belgrade)H-Index: 1
#2Eugenie Nepovimova (University of Hradec Králové)H-Index: 25
Last. Vesna Jaćević (University of Hradec Králové)H-Index: 12
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In plants, there's a complex and multilevel network of the antioxidative system (AOS) operating to counteract harmful reactive species (RS), the foremost important of which are reactive oxygen species (ROS), and maintain homeostasis within the cell. Specific AOSs for plant cells are, first and foremost, enzymes of the glutathione-ascorbate cycle (Asc-GSH), followed by phenolic compounds and lipophilic antioxidants like carotenoids and tocopherols. Evidence that plant cells have excellent antioxi...
#1Adesola Julius Tola (Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières)H-Index: 3
#2Amal JaballiH-Index: 1
Last. Tagnon D. Missihoun (Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières)H-Index: 8
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Abiotic and biotic stresses induce the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which subsequently causes the excessive accumulation of aldehydes in cells. Stress-derived aldehydes are commonly designated as reactive electrophile species (RES) as a result of the presence of an electrophilic α, β-unsaturated carbonyl group. Aldehyde dehydrogenases (ALDHs) are NAD(P)+-dependent enzymes that metabolize a wide range of endogenous and exogenous aliphatic and aromatic aldehyde molecules by oxidizin...
#1Chiara LongoH-Index: 3
#2Soyanni HolnessH-Index: 1
Last. Paola VittoriosoH-Index: 12
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The transition from a dormant to a germinating seed represents a crucial developmental switch in the life cycle of a plant. Subsequent transition from a germinating seed to an autotrophic organism also requires a robust and multi-layered control. Seed germination and seedling growth are multistep processes, involving both internal and external signals, which lead to a fine-tuning control network. In recent years, numerous studies have contributed to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying ...
#1Yu-Chun Hsiao (AS: Academia Sinica)H-Index: 1
#2Masashi Yamada (AS: Academia Sinica)H-Index: 15
Peptide hormones play pivotal roles in many physiological processes through coordinating developmental and environmental cues among different cells. Peptide hormones are recognized by their receptors that convey signals to downstream targets and interact with multiple pathways to fine-tune plant growth. Extensive research has illustrated the mechanisms of peptides in shoots but functional studies of peptides in roots are scarce. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are known to be involved in stress-re...
Cited By2
#1Rim Hamza (Polytechnic University of Valencia)
#2Edelín Roque (Polytechnic University of Valencia)H-Index: 10
Last. Luis A. Cañas (Polytechnic University of Valencia)H-Index: 23
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Redox homeostasis has been linked to proper anther and pollen development. Accordingly, plant cells have developed several Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS)-scavenging mechanisms to maintain the redox balance. Hemopexins constitute one of these mechanisms preventing heme-associated oxidative stress in animals, fungi, and plants. PsEND1 (Pisum sativum ENDOTHECIUM 1) is a pea anther-specific gene that encodes a protein containing four hemopexin domains. We report the functional characterization of PsE...
#1Ignacio EzquerH-Index: 15
#2Paola VittoriosoH-Index: 12
Last. Stefan de FolterH-Index: 32
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This special issue includes different research papers and reviews that studied the role of signaling cascades controlling both plant developmental processes and plant response mechanisms to biotic and abiotic stresses [...]
#1Valentina Lodde (University of Milan)H-Index: 26
#2Alberto M. Luciano (University of Milan)H-Index: 32
Last. Federica Franciosi (University of Milan)H-Index: 23
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Decreased oocyte quality is a major determinant of age-associated fertility decline. Similarly, individuals affected by early ovarian aging carry low-quality oocytes. Using an established bovine model of early ovarian aging, we investigated key features of ‘quality’ oocyte maturation, associated with the onset of egg aneuploidy and reproductive aging, such as histone modifications, mitochondria distribution and activity, reduced glutathione (GSH) content, and gap junction functionality. Bovine o...
#1Catherine N. Jacott (Norwich Research Park)H-Index: 2
#2Christopher J. Ridout (Norwich Research Park)H-Index: 18
Last. Jeremy D. Murray (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 29
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Loss of Mildew Resistance Locus O (MLO) in barley confers durable resistance to powdery mildew fungi, which has led to its wide deployment in agriculture. Although MLO is a susceptibility factor, it has become nearly synonymous with powdery mildew resistance. However, MLO has been recently implicated in colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and a fungal endophyte, confirming its importance for biotrophic interactions and in promoting symbiosis. Other MLO proteins are involved in essential...
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