Gastric Venous Congestion After Total Pancreatectomy Is Frequent and Dangerous.
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the role of gastric venous congestion (GVC) in mortality after total pancreatectomy (TP). BACKGROUND Data from a nationwide administrative database revealed that TP is associated with a 23% mortality rate in Germany. METHODS A total of 585 consecutive patients who had undergone TP (n = 514) or elective completion pancreatectomy (n = 71) between January 2015 and December 2019 were analyzed. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to identify risk factors for GVC and 90-day mortality. RESULTS GVC was observed in 163 patients (27.9%) requiring partial or total gastrectomy. Splenectomy (OR 2.14, 95% CI 1.25-3.80, p = 0.007) and coronary vein resection (OR 5.49, 95% CI 3.19-9.64, p < 0.001) were independently associated with GVC. The overall 90-day mortality after TP was 4.1% (24 of 585 patients), 7.4% in patients with GVC and 2.8% in those without GVC (p = 0.014). Of the 24 patients who died after TP, 12 (50%) had GVC. CONCLUSION GVC is a frequent albeit not well-known finding after TP, especially when splenectomy and resection of the coronary vein are performed. Adequate decision making for partial gastrectomy during TP is crucial. Insufficient gastric venous drainage after TP is life-threatening.