Diagnostic Value of Conventional PET Parameters and Radiomic Features Extracted from 18F-FDG-PET/CT for Histologic Subtype Classification and Characterization of Lung Neuroendocrine Neoplasms

Published on Mar 10, 2021in Biomedicines4.717
· DOI :10.3390/BIOMEDICINES9030281
Philippe Thuillier1
Estimated H-index: 1
Virginia Liberini2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 8 AuthorsFilippo Molinari35
Estimated H-index: 35
Aim: To evaluate if conventional Positron emission tomography (PET) parameters and radiomic features (RFs) extracted by 18F-FDG-PET/CT can differentiate among different histological subtypes of lung neuroendocrine neoplasms (Lu-NENs). Methods: Forty-four naive-treatment patients on whom 18F-FDG-PET/CT was performed for histologically confirmed Lu-NEN (n = 46) were retrospectively included. Manual segmentation was performed by two operators allowing for extraction of four conventional PET parameters (SUVmax, SUVmean, metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG)) and 41 RFs. Lu-NENs were classified into two groups: lung neuroendocrine tumors (Lu-NETs) vs. lung neuroendocrine carcinomas (Lu-NECs). Lu-NETs were classified according to histological subtypes (typical (TC)/atypical carcinoid (AC)), Ki67-level, and TNM staging. The least absolute shrink age and selection operator (LASSO) method was used to select the most predictive RFs for classification and Pearson correlation analysis was performed between conventional PET parameters and selected RFs. Results: PET parameters, in particular, SUVmax (area under the curve (AUC) = 0.91; cut-off = 5.16) were higher in Lu-NECs vs. Lu-NETs (p 0.05) and TC vs. AC classification. Conventional PET parameters were correlated with N+ status in Lu-NETs. Conclusion: In our study, conventional PET parameters were able to distinguish Lu-NECs from Lu-NETs, but not TC from AC. RFs did not provide additional information.
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