Pauli blocking of atomic spontaneous decay

Published on Mar 3, 2021in arXiv: Quantum Physics
Christian Sanner19
Estimated H-index: 19
Lindsay Sonderhouse12
Estimated H-index: 12
+ 3 AuthorsJun Ye126
Estimated H-index: 126
Spontaneous decay of an excited atomic state is a fundamental process that originates from the interaction between matter and vacuum modes of the electromagnetic field. The rate of decay can thus be engineered by modifying the density of final states of the joint atom-photon system. Imposing suitable boundary conditions on the electromagnetic field has been shown to alter the density of vacuum modes near the atomic transition, resulting in modified atomic decay rates. Here we report the first experimental demonstration of suppression of atomic radiative decay by reducing the density of available energy-momentum modes of the atomic motion when it is embedded inside a Fermi sea.
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