Contrast-enhanced harmonic endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration versus standard fine-needle aspiration in pancreatic masses: a meta-analysis.

Published on Jan 26, 2021in Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology3.514
· DOI :10.1080/17474124.2021.1880893
Antonio Facciorusso19
Estimated H-index: 19
(University of Foggia),
Babu P. Mohan3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UofU: University of Utah)
+ 5 AuthorsPietro Fusaroli28
Estimated H-index: 28
(UNIBO: University of Bologna)
Sources
Abstract
OBJECTIVES It is still unclear whether endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) contrast-enhanced fine-needle aspiration (CH-EUS-FNA) determines superior results in comparison to standard EUS-FNA in tissue acquisition of pancreatic masses. Aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the diagnostic outcomes of these two techniques. METHODS We searched the PubMed/Medline and Embase database through October 2020 and identified 6 studies, of which 2 randomized controlled trials (recruiting 701 patients). We performed pairwise meta-analysis through a random effects model and expressed data as odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS Pooled diagnostic sensitivity was 84.6% (95% CI 80.7%-88.6%) with CH-EUS-FNA and 75.3% (67%-83.5%) with EUS-FNA, with evidence of a significant superiority of the former (OR 1.74, 95% CI 1.26-2.40; p < 0.001). Subgroup analysis confirmed the superiority of CH-EUS-FNA over EUS-FNA only in larger lesions. Pooled diagnostic accuracy was 88.8% (85.6%-91.9%) in CH-EUS-FNA group and 83.6% (79.4%-87.8%) in EUS-FNA group (OR 1.52, 1.01-2.31; p = 0.05). Pooled sample adequacy was 95.1% (91.1%-99.1%) with CH-EUS-FNA and 89.4% (81%-97.8%) with EUS-FNA (OR 2.40, 1.38-4.17; p = 0.02). CONCLUSION CH-EUS-FNA seems to be superior to standard EUS-FNA in patients with pancreatic masses. Further trials are needed to confirm these results.
References26
Newest
Background and Study Aims On contrast-enhanced imaging studies, nonhypovascular (i. e., isovascular and hypervascular) patterns can be observed in solid pancreatic lesions (SPLs) of different nature, prognosis, and management. We aimed to identify endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) features of nonhypovascular SPLs associated with malignancy/aggressiveness. The secondary aims were EUS tissue acquisition (EUS-TA) outcome and safety in this setting of patients. Patients and Methods This prospective observ...
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#1Masahiro Itonaga (Wakayama Medical University)H-Index: 9
#2Masayuki Kitano (Wakayama Medical University)H-Index: 40
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BACKGROUND AND AIM Few studies have investigated endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration with contrast-enhanced harmonic imaging (EUS-FNA-CHI) for diagnosing and adequately sampling pancreatic lesions. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of EUS-FNA-CHI compared with that of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration with fundamental B mode imaging (EUS-FNA-FBI) for diagnosing solid pancreatic lesions. METHODS Consecutive patients with solid pancreatic lesions were e...
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#1Adrian Saftoiu (University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova)H-Index: 29
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Last. Christoph F. Dietrich (HUST: Huazhong University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 74
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We recently introduced a series of articles that dealt with controversies in EUS. In Part I, the authors discussed which clinical information is necessary prior to EUS and whether other imaging modalities are required before embarking on EUS examinations. Part II focuses on technical details and controversies about the use of EUS in special situations. In this article, important practical issues regarding the application of contrast-enhanced EUS in various clinical settings are raised and contro...
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#1Antonio FacciorussoH-Index: 19
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Background: Whether endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) contrast-enhanced fine-needle aspiration (CH-EUS-FNA) determines superior results in comparison to standard EUS-FNA in tissue acquisition of pancreatic masses remains unclear. The aim of this study was to compare these two techniques on a series of patients with solid pancreatic lesions. Methods: 362 patients underwent EUS-FNA (2008–2019), after the propensity score matching of two groups were compared; 103 treated with CH-EUS-FNA (group 1) and 103...
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#1Andrada SeiceanH-Index: 18
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BACKGROUND Contrast-enhanced harmonic endoscopic ultrasound (CH-EUS) can visualize necrotic areas and vessels inside lesions. CH-EUS findings combined with EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) improves diagnosis in pancreatic solid masses. CH-EUS can also guide EUS-FNA (CH-EUS-FNA), potentially improving the diagnostic rate of EUS-FNA, but such superiority has not been proved in prospective studies. We aimed to assess whether CH-EUS-FNA is superior to standard EUS-FNA for specific diagnos...
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Important advancements in endoscopic ultrasound-guided tissue sampling techniques and development of new needle designs have improved the diagnostic yield of pancreatic lesions. This innovation in endoscopic ultrasound has also opened the door for early diagnosis and precision therapy in the management of cancer patients. Endoscopic ultrasound fine needle biopsy is an invaluable tool and newer biopsy designs will probably play a pivotal role in the management of pancreatic lesions in the next fu...
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#1Antonio Facciorusso (University of Foggia)H-Index: 20
#2Sachin Wani (Anschutz Medical Campus)H-Index: 68
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Abstract Background and Aims Variable diagnostic performance of sampling techniques during EUS-guided tissue acquisition of solid pancreatic masses based on needle type [fine-needle aspiration (FNA) versus fine-needle biopsy (FNB)] and gauge (19-gauge vs 22-gauge vs 25-gauge) has been reported. We performed a systematic review with network meta-analysis to compare the diagnostic accuracy of EUS-guided techniques for sampling solid pancreatic masses. Methods Through a systematic literature review...
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#1Antonio Facciorusso (University of Foggia)H-Index: 19
#2Valentina Del Prete (University of Foggia)H-Index: 13
Last. Nicola Muscatiello (University of Foggia)H-Index: 22
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Background and study aims Although newer needle designs are thought to improve diagnostic outcomes of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle biopsy, there is limited evidence on their diagnostic performance. The aim of this meta-analysis was to provide a pooled estimate of the diagnostic performance and safety profile of Franseen and Fork-tip fine-needle biopsy needles. Patients and methods Computerized bibliographic search on the main databases was performed through March 2019. The primary en...
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#1Antonio Facciorusso (University of Foggia)H-Index: 19
#2Harshvardhan Singh Bajwa (Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram)H-Index: 1
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Background and Objective: Robust data in favor of clear superiority of 22G fine-needle biopsy (FNB) over 22G FNA for an echoendoscopic-guided sampling of pancreatic masses are lacking. The objective of this study is to compare the diagnostic outcomes and sample adequacy of these two needles. Materials and Methods: Computerized bibliographic search on the main databases was performed and restricted to only randomized controlled trials. Summary estimates were expressed regarding risk ratio (RR) an...
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#1Kimberly J Fairley (GHS: Geisinger Health System)H-Index: 2
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: Making a tissue diagnosis of pancreatic adenocarcinoma is best accomplished by EUS and fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of the lesion. Typically, a dark, or "hypoechoic" mass will be seen, which presents an obvious target for FNA. For small lesions, computerized tomography (CT) may be negative, but the lesion is still almost always seen on EUS imaging. Rarely, a pancreatic mass will appear isoechoic on EUS imaging. We report three "invisible" pancreatic masses identified only by a cutoff in the pa...
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There is a paucity of evidence on the comparison between endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) fine-needle biopsy (FNB) and fine-needle aspiration (FNA) for lymph node (LNs) sampling. The aim of this study was to compare these two approaches in a multicenter series of patients with abdominal tumors. Out of 502 patients undergoing EUS sampling, two groups following propensity score matching were compared: 105 undergoing EUS-FNB and 105 undergoing EUS-FNA. The primary outcome was diagnostic accuracy. Second...
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