A distinctive release profile of vancomycin and tobramycin from a new and injectable polymeric dicalcium phosphate dehydrate cement (P-DCPD).

Published on Feb 24, 2021in Biomedical Materials3.174
· DOI :10.1088/1748-605X/ABD689
Emily J Ren (DMC: Detroit Medical Center), Angelica Guardia2
Estimated H-index: 2
(WSU: Wayne State University)
+ 3 AuthorsRahul Vaidya21
Estimated H-index: 21
(DMC: Detroit Medical Center)
Sources
Abstract
A novel injectable polymeric dicalcium phosphate dehydrate (P-DCPD) cement was developed with superior mechanical strength and excellent cohesion. The purpose of this study was to assess the in vitro performance of P-DCPD loaded with vancomycin (VAN-P), tobramycin (TOB-P) and combination of both (VAN/TOB-P) (10%, w/w). There is a distinctive release profile between VAN and TOB. VAN-P showed decreased initial burst ( 90% of VAN was released within 3 days (p 3 weeks. Interestingly, the cement residues (28 days after drug release) still maintained strong ZOI ability. P-DCPD with or without antibiotics loading were nontoxic and had no inferior impacts on the growth of osteoblastic MC3T3 cells. VAN-P and TOB-P were injectable. No significant influence on setting time was observed in both VAN-P (11.7±1.9 min) and VAN/TOB-P (10.8±1.5 min) as compared to control (12.2±2.6 min). We propose that a distinctive release profile of VAN and TOB observed is mainly due to different distribution pattern of VAN and TOB within P-DCPD matrix. A limited release of TOB might be due to the incorporation of TOB inside the crystalline lattice of P-DCPD crystals. Our data supported that the bactericidal efficacy of antibiotics-loaded P-DCPD is not only depend on the amount and velocity of antibiotics released, but also probably more on the direct contact of attached bacteria on the degrading cement surface.
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