Influence of Three-Dimensional Stress Field Variation on Fracture Evolution Characteristics of a Roof

Published on Dec 24, 2020in Geofluids1.534
· DOI :10.1155/2020/8810619
Xuyang Shi3
Estimated H-index: 3
(CUMT: China University of Mining and Technology),
Zhaolin Li1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CUMT: China University of Mining and Technology)
+ 2 AuthorsWenshuai Li1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CUMT: China University of Mining and Technology)
Sources
Abstract
Excavation disturbance on the dynamic variation of the three-dimensional stress field is the main cause for the dynamic disasters of the surrounding rock mass of the roof. The stress condition in the surrounding rock mass of the roof during entry excavation and its impact on entry stability are systemically studied in this study. It is found that the surrounding rock mass of the roof is mainly influenced by the combined effect of the stress unloading and stress transference induced by entry excavation. A servo-controlled true triaxial material testing system is used to conduct the true triaxial loading and unloading experiments of rocks under different stress paths. The influence of different stress paths, especially the variation of the principal stress direction, on the mechanical characteristics and fracture characteristics of rocks is investigated. The results indicate that the variation of the principal stress direction has a significant impact on the macroscopic fracture characteristics of the rock. The main macroscopic fracture plane of the rock highly depends on the intermediate principal stress. The fracture evolution of the roof rock mass during entry excavation is analyzed. The results show that the change of the three-dimensional stress field induces the formation of complex fracture networks in the surrounding rock mass of the roof. The roof is likely to dislocate horizontally and collapse. The corners of the entry are seriously damaged. Based on the above findings, a support scheme is proposed to maintain the stability of a gob-side entry. The field experience suggests that the support scheme can achieve good results.
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