Impact of hypoxia on the double-strand break repair after photon and carbon ion irradiation of radioresistant HNSCC cells.

Published on Dec 7, 2020in Scientific Reports3.998
· DOI :10.1038/S41598-020-78354-7
Anne-Sophie Wozny10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Lyon College),
Gersende Alphonse5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Lyon College)
+ 7 AuthorsClaire Rodriguez-Lafrasse12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Lyon College)
Sources
Abstract
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) induced by photon irradiation are the most deleterious damage for cancer cells and their efficient repair may contribute to radioresistance, particularly in hypoxic conditions. Carbon ions (C-ions) act independently of the oxygen concentration and trigger complex- and clustered-DSBs difficult to repair. Understanding the interrelation between hypoxia, radiation-type, and DNA-repair is therefore essential for overcoming radioresistance. The DSBs signaling and the contribution of the canonical non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ-c) and homologous-recombination (HR) repair pathways were assessed by immunostaining in two cancer-stem-cell (CSCs) and non-CSCs HNSCC cell lines. Detection and signaling of DSBs were lower in response to C-ions than photons. Hypoxia increased the decay-rate of the detected DSBs (γH2AX) in CSCs after photons and the initiation of DSB repair signaling (P-ATM) in CSCs and non-CSCs after both radiations, but not the choice of DSB repair pathway (53BP1). Additionally, hypoxia increased the NHEJ-c (DNA-PK) and the HR pathway (RAD51) activation only after photons. Furthermore, the involvement of the HR seemed to be higher in CSCs after photons and in non-CSCs after C-ions. Taken together, our results show that C-ions may overcome the radioresistance of HNSCC associated with DNA repair, particularly in CSCs, and independently of a hypoxic microenvironment.
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