Localization on a Synthetic Hall Cylinder.

Published on May 10, 2021in arXiv: Quantum Gases
· DOI :10.1103/PHYSREVLETT.126.193001
Ren Zhang11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Xi'an Jiaotong University),
Yangqian Yan9
Estimated H-index: 9
,
Qi Zhou17
Estimated H-index: 17
Sources
Abstract
By engineering laser-atom interactions, both Hall ribbons and Hall cylinders as fundamental theoretical tools in condensed matter physics have recently been synthesized in laboratories. Here, we show that turning a synthetic Hall ribbon into a synthetic Hall cylinder could naturally lead to localization. Unlike a Hall ribbon, a Hall cylinder hosts an intrinsic lattice, which arises due to the periodic boundary condition in the azimuthal direction, in addition to the external periodic potential imposed by extra lasers. When these two lattices are incommensurate, localization may occur on a synthetic Hall cylinder. Near the localization-delocalization transitions, the dependence of physical observables on the axial magnetic flux allows us to tackle a fundamental question of determining the accuracy of rational approximation of irrational numbers. In the irrational limit, physical observables are no longer affected by fluctuations of the axial flux.
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Hall tube with a tunable flux is an important geometry for studying quantum Hall physics, but its experimental realization in real space is still challenging. Here, we propose to realize a synthetic Hall tube with tunable flux in a one-dimensional optical lattice with the synthetic ring dimension defined by atomic hyperfine states. We investigate the effects of the flux on the system topology and study its quench dynamics. Utilizing the tunable flux, we show how to realize topological charge pum...
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Synthetic spaces allow physicists to bypass constraints imposed by certain physical laws in experiments. Here, we show that a synthetic torus, which consists of a ring trap in the real space and internal states of ultracold atoms cyclically coupled by Laguerre-Gaussian Raman beams, could be threaded by a net effective magnetic flux through its surface---an impossible mission in the real space. Such synthetic Hall torus gives rise to a periodic lattice in the real dimension, in which the periodic...
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A 2D topological charge pump in a photonic waveguide array is used to observe boundary physics associated with the 4D quantum Hall effect experimentally.
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