MR-Guided Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer.
External beam radiotherapy remains the primary treatment modality for localized prostate cancer. The radiobiology of prostate carcinoma lends itself to hypofractionation, with recent studies showing good outcomes with shorter treatment schedules. However, the ability to accurately deliver hypofractionated treatment is limited by current image-guided techniques. Magnetic resonance imaging is the main diagnostic tool for localized prostate cancer and its use in the therapeutic setting offers anatomical information to improve organ delineation. MR-guided radiotherapy, with daily re-planning, has shown early promise in the accurate delivery of radiotherapy. In this article, we discuss the shortcomings of current image-guidance strategies and the potential benefits and limitations of MR-guided treatment for prostate cancer. We also recount present experiences of MR-linac workflow and the opportunities afforded by this technology.