Atrophy and cognitive profiles in older adults with temporal lobe epilepsy are similar to mild cognitive impairment.

Published on Feb 12, 2021in Brain13.501
· DOI :10.1093/BRAIN/AWAA397
Erik Kaestner12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UCSD: University of California, San Diego),
Anny Reyes10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UCSD: University of California, San Diego)
+ 12 AuthorsAlzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative33
Estimated H-index: 33
Sources
Abstract
Epilepsy incidence and prevalence peaks in older adults yet systematic studies of brain ageing and cognition in older adults with epilepsy remain limited. Here, we characterize patterns of cortical atrophy and cognitive impairment in 73 older adults with temporal lobe epilepsy (>55 years) and compare these patterns to those observed in 70 healthy controls and 79 patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment, the prodromal stage of Alzheimer's disease. Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy were recruited from four tertiary epilepsy surgical centres; amnestic mild cognitive impairment and control subjects were obtained from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative database. Whole brain and region of interest analyses were conducted between patient groups and controls, as well as between temporal lobe epilepsy patients with early-onset (age of onset 50 years) seizures. Older adults with temporal lobe epilepsy demonstrated a similar pattern and magnitude of medial temporal lobe atrophy to amnestic mild cognitive impairment. Region of interest analyses revealed pronounced medial temporal lobe thinning in both patient groups in bilateral entorhinal, temporal pole, and fusiform regions (all P < 0.05). Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy demonstrated thinner left entorhinal cortex compared to amnestic mild cognitive impairment (P = 0.02). Patients with late-onset temporal lobe epilepsy had a more consistent pattern of cortical thinning than patients with early-onset epilepsy, demonstrating decreased cortical thickness extending into the bilateral fusiform (both P < 0.01). Both temporal lobe epilepsy and amnestic mild cognitive impairment groups showed significant memory and language impairment relative to healthy control subjects. However, despite similar performances in language and memory encoding, patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment demonstrated poorer delayed memory performances relative to both early and late-onset temporal lobe epilepsy. Medial temporal lobe atrophy and cognitive impairment overlap between older adults with temporal lobe epilepsy and amnestic mild cognitive impairment highlights the risks of growing old with epilepsy. Concerns regarding accelerated ageing and Alzheimer's disease co-morbidity in older adults with temporal lobe epilepsy suggests an urgent need for translational research aimed at identifying common mechanisms and/or targeting symptoms shared across a broad neurological disease spectrum.
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.Introduction Despite epilepsy has been associated with cognitive decline, neuropsychological, neurobiological and neurophysiological features in patients with late-onset epilepsy of unknown etiology (LOEU) are poorly known. This cross-sectional study aimed at investigating neuropsychological profile, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), and resting-state quantitative electroencephalographic (qEEG) cortical rhythms in LOEU patients with mild cognitive impairment (LOE...
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Abstract The association of epilepsy with structural brain changes and cognitive abnormalities in midlife has raised concern regarding the possibility of future accelerated brain and cognitive aging and increased risk of later life neurocognitive disorders. To address this issue we examined age-related processes in both structural and functional neuroimaging among individuals with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE, N = 104) who were participants in the Epilepsy Connectome Project (ECP). Support vector...
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People with epilepsy — in particular, late-onset epilepsy of unknown aetiology — have an elevated risk of dementia, and seizures have been detected in the early stages of Alzheimer disease (AD), supporting the concept of an epileptic AD prodrome. However, the relationship between epilepsy and cognitive decline remains controversial, with substantial uncertainties about whether epilepsy drives cognitive decline or vice versa, and whether shared pathways underlie both conditions. Here, we review e...
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