The Underlying Mechanism of Paeonia lactiflora Pall. in Parkinson's Disease Based on a Network Pharmacology Approach.

Published on Nov 23, 2020in Frontiers in Pharmacology4.225
· DOI :10.3389/FPHAR.2020.581984
Wanqing Du1
Estimated H-index: 1
Xiao Liang1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 2 AuthorsYunling Zhang1
Estimated H-index: 1
Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease worldwide, yet as of currently, there is no disease-modifying therapy that could delay its progression. Paeonia lactiflora Pall. is the most frequently used herb in formulas for PD in Traditional Chinese Medicine and also a potential neuroprotective agent for neurodegenerative diseases, while its mechanisms remain poorly understood. In this study, we aim to explore the underlying mechanism of P. lactiflora in treating PD utilizing a network pharmacology approach. Methods: The protein targets of P. lactiflora ingredients and PD were first obtained from several databases. To clarify the key targets, a Protein-Protein-Interaction (PPI) network was constructed and analyzed on the String database, and then enrichment analysis was performed by the Metascape platform to determine the main Gene Ontology biological processes and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways. Finally, the Ingredient-Target-Pathway (I-T-P) network was constructed and analyzed by Cytoscape software. Results: Six active ingredients of P. lactiflora (kaempferol, s-sitosterol, betulinic acid, palbinone, paeoniflorin and (+)-catechin) as well as six core targets strongly related to PD treatment [AKT1, interleukin-6, CAT, Tumor necrosis factor (TNF), CASP3, and PTGS2] were identified. The main pathways were shown to involve neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, Calcium signaling pathway, PI3-Akt signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, and apoptosis signaling pathway. The main biological process included the regulation of neurotransmitter levels. Conclusion: P. lactiflora may retard neurodegeneration by reducing neuroinflammation, inhibiting intrinsic and extrinsic apoptosis, and may improve motor and non-motor symptoms by regulating the levels of neurotransmitters. Our study has revealed the mechanism of P. lactiflora in the treatment of PD and may contribute to novel drug development for PD.
#1Neerja Saini (Panjab University, Chandigarh)H-Index: 1
#2Ansab Akhtar (Panjab University, Chandigarh)H-Index: 5
Last. Sangeeta Pilkhwal Sah (Panjab University, Chandigarh)H-Index: 6
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Abstract Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, majorly with symptoms of motor dysfunction. Study was performed to explore the effect of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) inhibitors against neurobehavioral abnormalities and neuroinflammation in PD. Cost effective in silico approaches of docking-based ligand -target complex predictions and optimal physicochemical properties were utilised to identify lead NF-κB inhibitor using database. Our studies revealed the potential hit...
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#2Heng-Wen Chen (Peking Union Medical College)H-Index: 8
Last. Qingjuan WuH-Index: 1
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Radix Paeoniae Rubra and Radix Paeoniae Alba are the different characteristic forms of Paeonia lactiflora Pall. They are widely used as traditional Chinese medicines in clinical practices. This study analyzes the development history, efficacy, chemical compositions, and pharmacological effects of Radix Paeoniae Rubra and Radix Paeoniae Alba, and explores the causes of the similarities and differences of these two amalgams. It provides a basis for the clinical application of these two Chinese med...
#1Lili Tang (Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine)H-Index: 2
#2Chang Chen (Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine)H-Index: 1
Last. Yang Zhao (Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine)H-Index: 1
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This study aimed to explore the protective effects of Wenshen-Yanggan decoction on dopaminergic (DA) neuron injury in a rotenone-induced mouse model with chronic Parkinson's disease (PD) and explore its mechanism of action. Ultraperformance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) was used to measure the content of six main components in the Wenshen-Yanggan decoction. The chronic PD mouse model was established by treating 10-month-old healthy wild C57BL/6 male mice with roteno...
#1Rob M.A. de Bie (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 30
#2Carl E Clarke (University of Birmingham)H-Index: 58
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#2Wei Wei (Anhui Medical University)H-Index: 1
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Parkinson’s disease (PD) is another major neurodegenerative disorder following Alzheimer’s disease, which not only seriously reduces the survival in patients, affecting patient’s quality of life, but also imposes a tremendous burden on families and even the whole society. It is urgent to find out effective drugs without side effects. The present study applied a creative approach called network pharmacology to explore the active compounds and therapeutic targets of Shaoyao-Gancao Decoction (SYGCD...
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#2Ricardo B. Maccioni (University of Chile)H-Index: 55
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Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the death of nerve cells in the substantia nigra of the brain. The treatment options for this disease are very limited as currently the treatment is mainly symptomatic, and the available drugs are not able to completely stop the progression of the disease but only to slow it down. There is still a need to search for new compounds with the most optimal pharmacological profile that would stop the rapidly progressing d...
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