Risk factors for development of endocrine insufficiency in chronic pancreatitis.

Published on Jan 1, 2021in Pancreatology3.629
· DOI :10.1016/J.PAN.2020.11.011
Mohsin Aslam4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Nitin Jagtap5
Estimated H-index: 5
+ 2 AuthorsD. Nageshwar Reddy32
Estimated H-index: 32
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Abstract
Abstract Endocrine insufficiency is a common and frequent complication of chronic pancreatitis. Identifying the role of pancreatic damage in the development of diabetes is important for early identification and appropriate management. Methods All consecutive CP patients between January 2019 and May 2020 were retrospectively studied. Relevant statistical tests were performed. A two sided p value  Results Total 587 chronic pancreatitis patients were included of which 118 (20.1%) patients developed diabetes with duration of 12 (IQR 4–48) months. Older age (OR 1.079; 95% CI 1.045–1.113; p  Conclusion Pancreatic calcification, pancreatic duct stricture and pancreatic exocrine insufficiency are associated with development of diabetes mellitus in chronic pancreatitis indicating disease progression. Smoking is the modifiable risk factors associated with early onset of diabetes mellitus in CP patients.
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BACKGROUND AND AIM Even though ductal interventions in chronic pancreatitis (CP) are known to improve pain, its impact on diabetes is unclear. In this cohort study, we evaluated the impact of ductal interventions on diabetes in these patients. METHODS Consecutive patients with CP visiting the pancreas clinic between August 1, 2011, and July 21, 2012, were enrolled and followed until December 2018. Detailed clinical, laboratory, imaging, and treatment data were recorded at enrolment and follow-up...
2 CitationsSource
Abstract Aim To study the incidence of glucose intolerance in CP patients without diabetes by performing oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Methods We screened consecutive Indian CP patients without diabetes over 6 months by performing OGTT and correlated with physical characteristics and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). We also compared c-peptide and pancreatic polypeptide response in different groups based on OGTT. Relevant statistical tests were performed. P Results Total of 171 pateints were sc...
5 CitationsSource
: Pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) secrete various factors, which can influence the β-cell function. The identification of stellate cell infiltration into the islets in pancreatic diseases suggests possible existence of cross-talk between these cells. To elucidate the influence of PSCs on β-cell function, mouse PSCs were cocultured with Min6 cells using the Transwell inserts. Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion from Min6 cells in response to PSCs was quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent as...
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ObjectivesAltered immune homeostasis and involvement of T cells has been reported in chronic pancreatitis (CP). We evaluated the role of Bach2 (BTB and CNC homology basic leucine zipper transcription factor 2), a key regulator of immune homeostasis in the chronicity of CP.MethodsExpression of Bach2 and T-cell transcription factors, enumeration of BACH2+/CD4+ T-lymphocytes were performed by qRT-PCR and flow cytometry respectively. Bach2silenced human CD4+ T-lymphocytes were exposed to CP tissue e...
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#1Darwin L. Conwell (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 53
#2Peter A. Banks (Brigham and Women's Hospital)H-Index: 74
Last. Dhiraj Yadav (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 52
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Background/Objectives Our aim was to validate recent epidemiologic trends and describe the distribution of TIGAR-O risk factors in chronic pancreatitis (CP) patients.
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#1Ashish K. Jha (Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 95
#2Mahesh K. Goenka (Gleneagles Hospital)H-Index: 18
Last. Usha Goenka (Gleneagles Hospital)H-Index: 8
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There is a wide variation in the clinical presentation of chronic pancreatitis (CP) in the different parts of India. Data regarding the clinical profile of CP from eastern India are scarce. We describe the clinical and demographic profiles of patients with CP in eastern India. Consecutive patients were evaluated for the clinical presentation, etiology and complication of CP. One hundred and thirty-nine patients with CP (mean age 39.57±14.88 years; M/F 3.48:1) were included. Idiopathic CP (50.35%...
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: Pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) were identified in the early 1980s, but received much attention after 1998 when the methods to isolate and culture them from murine and human sources were developed. PSCs contribute to a small proportion of all pancreatic cells under physiological condition, but are essential for maintaining the normal pancreatic architecture. Quiescent PSCs are characterized by the presence of vitamin A laden lipid droplets. Upon PSC activation, these perinuclear lipid droplet...
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#1Lei XinH-Index: 13
#2Jun PanH-Index: 1
Last. Zhao-Shen LiH-Index: 59
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#1Jun Pan ('SMMU': Second Military Medical University)H-Index: 12
#2Lei XinH-Index: 13
Last. Zhao-Shen LiH-Index: 59
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Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common complication of chronic pancreatitis (CP) and increases the mortality. The identification of risk factors for DM development may contribute to the early detection and potential risk reduction of DM in patients with CP. Patients with CP admitted to Changhai Hospital (Shanghai, China) from January 2000 to December 2013 were enrolled. Cumulative rates of DM after the onset of CP were calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. Risk factors for DM development after the diag...
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#1Regina Müller (University of Tübingen)H-Index: 3
#2Ali A. Aghdassi (Greifswald University Hospital)H-Index: 22
Last. Sabine Salloch (MHH: Hannover Medical School)H-Index: 10
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OBJECTIVES Hereditary chronic pancreatitis is a rare condition characterized by intermittent acute episodes of pancreatitis and long-term impairment of pancreatic functions. However, the subjective perspective of individuals affected by hereditary chronic pancreatitis has been little studied. This qualitative study investigates the experience of hereditary chronic pancreatitis patients and their relatives because the awareness of the needs of those affected is an essential component of a patient...
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#1Zhiren Li (Capital Medical University)H-Index: 1
#2Di Lu (Capital Medical University)H-Index: 2
Last. Jianyu Hao (Capital Medical University)H-Index: 8
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Abstract null null Aim null Smoking has been considered as a risk factor of chronic pancreatitis (CP), but the potential mechanism is still unknown. The major pathological feature of CP is pancreatic fibrosis, whose major functional cells are pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs). Nicotine is the major component of cigarette smoke, our recent study suggested that nicotine has the potential to facilitate pancreatic fibrosis in CP. This study was aimed to analyze the function and mechanism of nicotine ...
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#1Mark O. Goodarzi (NIH: National Institutes of Health)
#2Maxim S. PetrovH-Index: 28
Last. Phil A. HartH-Index: 29
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PURPOSE OF REVIEW The purpose of this review is to delineate risk factors for the development of diabetes in patients with chronic pancreatitis. The natural history including progression to diabetes and complications that develop once diabetes occurs in chronic pancreatitis is also reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS Studies have found that predictors of diabetes in chronic pancreatitis include both risk factors for type 2 diabetes (e.g., obesity, genetic variants) as well as pancreas-specific factors (e....
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