Incidence, Mortality, and Characteristics of 18 Pediatric Perioperative Cardiac Arrests: An Observational Trial From 22,650 Pediatric Anesthesias in a German Tertiary Care Hospital.

Published on Sep 1, 2021in Anesthesia & Analgesia4.305
· DOI :10.1213/ANE.0000000000005296
Gerrit Jansen1
Estimated H-index: 1
(FUI: Foundation University, Islamabad),
Rainer Borgstedt1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 4 AuthorsSebastian Rehberg22
Estimated H-index: 22
Sources
Abstract
BACKGROUND Recently, a very low incidence of 3 per 10,000 and a mortality of 30% were reported for pediatric perioperative cardiac arrest (POCA). However, high-risk patients, namely children already anesthetized on the intensive care unit (ICU), were excluded. This study investigates the incidence and mortality of POCA in children in whom anesthesia was induced in the ICU or in the operating room using real-world data. In addition, different classifications of POCA were compared with respect to outcome relevance. METHODS This is a retrospective observational study conducted at a German level 1 perinatal center and tertiary care hospital between 2008 and 2018. Children ≤15 years who underwent an anesthetic procedure and suffered from POCA (defined as any condition requiring chest compressions and/or defibrillation) from the beginning of care provided by an anesthesiologist to 60 minutes after anesthesia or sedation were included. Primary end points were incidence and mortality of POCA in children with anesthesia induced in the ICU versus in the operating room. Secondary end points included incidences and outcomes with respect to the pathophysiological cause (respiratory versus circulatory associated). RESULTS There were 18 POCA during 22,650 anesthetic procedures (incidence 7.9 per 10,000; 95% confidence interval [CI], 4.7-12.5). Thirty-day mortality was 3.5 per 10,000 (95% CI, 1.5-6.9). Incidence and mortality were higher in children in whom anesthesia was induced in the ICU versus in the operating room (incidence: 131.6; 95% CI, 57 to 257.6 versus 4.5; 95% CI, 2.2-8.3; P < .001; and mortality: 82.2; 95% CI, 26.7-190.8 versus 1.4; 95% CI, 0.3-3.9; P < .001). Mortality in circulatory-induced POCA (n = 8; 44%) was 100%, in respiratory-induced POCA (n = 9; 50%) 0% (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS Children with anesthesia induction in the ICU represent a high-risk population for POCA and POCA-associated mortality. POCA classification should be based on the individual cause (respiratory versus circulatory) rather than on the perioperative phase or the responsible specialty.
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STUDY OBJECTIVE To determine 30-day-mortality, incidence and characteristics of perioperative cardiac arrest as well as the respective independent risk factors in preterm infants undergoing non-cardiac surgery. DESIGN Retrospective observational Follow-up-study. SETTING Bielefeld University Hospital, a German tertiary care hospital. PATIENTS Population of 229 preterm infants (age 2000 g), and time of surgery (OR,5.9;95%CI,1.6 to 21.3) for 22:01-7:00 compared to 7:01-15:00) were the major indepen...
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