Organic Electrochemical Transistors (OECTs) Toward Flexible and Wearable Bioelectronics.

Published on Nov 13, 2020in Molecules4.412
· DOI :10.3390/MOLECULES25225288
Ariana Villarroel Marquez4
Estimated H-index: 4
(CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique),
Niall McEvoy52
Estimated H-index: 52
(Trinity College, Dublin),
Amir Pakdel19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Trinity College, Dublin)
Sources
Abstract
Organic electronics have emerged as a fascinating area of research and technology in the past two decades and are anticipated to replace classic inorganic semiconductors in many applications. Research on organic light-emitting diodes, organic photovoltaics, and organic thin-film transistors is already in an advanced stage, and the derived devices are commercially available. A more recent case is the organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs), whose core component is a conductive polymer in contact with ions and solvent molecules of an electrolyte, thus allowing it to simultaneously regulate electron and ion transport. OECTs are very effective in ion-to-electron transduction and sensor signal amplification. The use of synthetically tunable, biocompatible, and depositable organic materials in OECTs makes them specially interesting for biological applications and printable devices. In this review, we provide an overview of the history of OECTs, their physical characterization, and their operation mechanism. We analyze OECT performance improvements obtained by geometry design and active material selection (i.e., conductive polymers and small molecules) and conclude with their broad range of applications from biological sensors to wearable devices.
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Organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs) have attracted considerable interests for various applications ranging from biosensors to digital logic circuits and artificial synapses. However, the ma...
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#1Ariana Villarroel Marquez (University of Bordeaux)H-Index: 4
#2Gerardo Salinas (University of Bordeaux)H-Index: 5
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An approach providing cation-selective poly-(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)(PEDOT):polyelectrolyte-mixed conductors is presented in this communication based on the structural modification of this ambivalent (ionic and electronic conductive) polymer complex. First, an 18-crown-6 moiety is integrated into the styrene sulfonate monomer structure as a specific metal cation scavenger particularly targeting K(+) versus Na(+) detection. This newly functionalized monomer is characterized by (1) H NMR titra...
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We investigate the mechanism of ion-dependent charge compensation during electrochemical oxidation (doping) of the model mixed ionic/electronic transporting polythiophene derivative poly(3-{[2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]methyl}thiophene-2,5-diyl) (P3MEEMT). Using a combination of electrochemical quartz microbalance gravimetry and glow discharge optical emission spectroscopy, we show that charge compensation during polymer redox processes proceeds via a cation-dependent mechanism. For p-type polymer...
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This research was supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Office of Sponsored Research Competitive Research Grants (CRG) OSR award number OSR-2016-CRG5-3003 to S.I. and I.M. Figure 1, inset of Figure 2a, and TOC illustration were produced by Xavier Pita, scientific illustrator at KAUST.
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Chemical and biological sensing play important roles in healthcare, environmental science, food-safety tests, and medical applications. Flexible organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs) have shown great promise in the field of chemical and biological sensing, owing to their superior sensitivity, high biocompatibility, low cost, and light weight. Herein, we summarize recent progress in the fabrication of flexible OECTs and their applications in chemical and biological sensing. We start with a ...
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