Lactobacillus bacteremia: a diagnostic clue of rectal cancer.

Published on Apr 27, 2021in QJM: An International Journal of Medicine2.529
· DOI :10.1093/QJMED/HCAA311
Hiroki Matsuura , Hiroki Matsuura4
Estimated H-index: 4
+ 5 AuthorsMasayuki Kishida11
Estimated H-index: 11
#1Paurush Ambesh (Maimonides Medical Center)H-Index: 8
#2Sarah Stroud (Maimonides Medical Center)H-Index: 1
Last. Stephan Kamholz (Maimonides Medical Center)H-Index: 9
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Lactobacillus species are a commensal flora of the human gastrointestinal and the female genitourinary tract. Lactobacilli especially the rhamnosus species, are common components of commercial prob...
8 CitationsSource
Abstract Adenocarcinoma of the colorectal region is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality in the USA and hence an important public health concern. Enterococci are emerging as an important cause of infection in the elderly. While translocation of enteric bacteria into the bloodstream is a known phenomenon in patients with infectious, inflammatory or infiltrative conditions of the bowel, a causative link between Enterococcus bacteremia and colorectal cancer has not been established...
23 CitationsSource
#1Muhammed SheridH-Index: 9
#2Salih Samo (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 6
Last. Subbaramiah Sridhar (Georgia Regents University)H-Index: 17
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Background Lactobacilli are non-spore forming, lactic acid producing, gram-positive rods. They are a part of the normal gastrointestinal and genitourinary microbiota and have rarely been reported to be the cause of infections. Lactobacilli species are considered non-pathogenic organisms and have been used as probiotics to prevent antibiotic associated diarrhea. There are sporadic reported cases of infections related to lactobacilli containing probiotics.
39 CitationsSource
#1Ellie J. C. Goldstein (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 66
#2Kerin L. TyrrellH-Index: 28
Last. Diane M. CitronH-Index: 58
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The genus Lactobacillus is a taxonomically complex and is composed of over 170 species that cannot be easily differentiated phenotypically and often require molecular identification. Although they are part of the normal human gastrointestinal and vaginal flora, they can also be occasional human pathogens. They are extensively used in a variety of commercial products including probiotics. Their antimicrobial susceptibilities are poorly defined in part because of their taxonomic complexity and are...
125 CitationsSource
#1Joan P. CannonH-Index: 3
#2Todd A. Lee (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 51
Last. Larry H. Danziger (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 47
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Given that Lactobacillus has been reported to be the causative pathogen in many types of infection despite debate regarding the organism’s clinical significance, a literature review was conducted to investigate the treatments and outcomes of Lactobacillus infections reported to date. In this article, the characteristics of over 200 reported cases of Lactobacillus-associated infections are summarized. Lactobacillus was found to be frequently associated with endocarditis and bacteremia. Lactobacil...
321 CitationsSource
#1Claudio FarinaH-Index: 20
#2Marco ArosioH-Index: 3
Last. Fausto MoioliH-Index: 1
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AbstractLactobacillus species are part of normal gastrointestinal flora and are an uncommon cause of bacteremia. Lactobacillus casei subsp. rhamnosus was repeatedly isolated in the blood cultures of a 43-year-old woman with ulcerative colitis. Lactobacillus spp. could be considered a potential oppor
43 CitationsSource
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