Early septal reduction therapy for patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Published on Oct 28, 2020in The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery4.451
· DOI :10.1016/J.JTCVS.2020.10.062
Hao Cui4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Mayo Clinic),
Hartzell V. Schaff131
Estimated H-index: 131
(Mayo Clinic)
+ 4 AuthorsSteve R. Ommen78
Estimated H-index: 78
(Mayo Clinic)
Abstract Objective This study was conducted to determine the influence of early septal reduction therapy (SRT) after referral on survival in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Methods We reviewed the patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (resting pressure gradient ≥30 mm Hg or provoked pressure gradient ≥50 mm Hg) who were evaluated at our clinic from 2000 to 2012. Early SRT was defined as undergoing septal myectomy or alcohol septal ablation during the 6 months after index evaluation. Survival after the 6-month landmark period was analyzed in a multivariable Cox model. Results A total of 1351 patients were included in the landmark analysis. Patients who were more symptomatic and had received more medical treatment at index evaluation were more likely to undergo early SRT. Over a median follow-up period of 10.2 years, the survival was comparable (P = .207) but patients undergoing early SRT had, on average, improved survival compared with the medical treatment group (hazard ratio, 0.66; 95% confidence interval, 0.48-0.90) after adjustment by age and comorbidities. Further analysis revealed significant treatment heterogeneity, with increased benefit of early SRT seen in women (hazard ratio, 0.51; 95% confidence interval, 0.35-0.75), those who are in New York Heart Association functional class III or IV (hazard ratio, 0.52; 95% confidence interval, 0.36-0.76), and patients without diabetes (hazard ratio, 0.59; 95% confidence interval, 0.42-0.82). Conclusions In experienced hypertrophic cardiomyopathy centers, early SRT is similar to continued medical treatment for patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. It appears to improve survival of female patients and those who are in New York Heart Association functional class III or IV.
#1Carey Kimmelstiel (Tufts Medical Center)H-Index: 24
#2David Zisa (Tufts Medical Center)H-Index: 3
Last. Ethan J. Rowin (Tufts Medical Center)H-Index: 26
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Background: The outcome of medically refractory patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy treated according to the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association consensus gu...
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Importance Recent data indicate that women with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are older and more symptomatic at presentation and have worse clinical outcomes than men. However, to our knowledge, there are no large studies of the association of patient sex with outcomes after surgical myectomy. Objective To analyze preoperative characteristics and overall survival of women and men undergoing septal myectomy for obstructive HCM. Design, Setting, and Participants This retrospective, single-cent...
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Abstract Objectives In patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract can be relieved by surgical septal myectomy or alcohol septal ablation, but uncertainty remains regarding long-term results and comparative effectiveness of alcohol septal ablation. This study aims to compare short- and long-term outcomes of the 2 procedures. Methods Between December 1998 and September 2016, 2407 patients underwent septal myectomy and 211 patients underwent alcohol...
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Background In patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), enlargement of the left atrium (LA) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality because of risk of atrial fibrillation (AF), stroke, and heart failure. In this study, we investigated whether LA reverse remodeling occurs after septal myectomy. Methods Between August 2007 and July 2015, 656 patients underwent myectomy at our institution and had preoperative and postoperative transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) recording of L...
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Abstract Sex differences in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) remain unclear. We sought to characterize sex differences in a large HCM referral centre population. Three thousand six hundred and seventy-three adult patients with HCM underwent evaluation between January 1975 and September 2012 with 1661 (45.2%) female. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were assessed via log-rank test. Cox proportional hazard regression analyses evaluated the relation of sex with survival. At index visit, women were old...
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#1Qun Liu (JHUSOM: Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine)H-Index: 1
#2Diandian Li (Sichuan University)H-Index: 1
Last. Li Gao (JHUSOM: Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine)H-Index: 25
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Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorder but data on survival rates are still conflicting and have not so far been quantitatively reviewed. The aim of this study is to conduct a meta-analysis of cohort studies to assess pooled survival rates and prognostic factors for survival in patients with HCM. Nineteen studies were included representing 12,146 HCM patients. The pooled 1-, 3-, 5- and 10-year survival rates were 98.0%, 94.3%, 82.2% and 75.0%, re...
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