Effects of Axial Static Magnetic Field on Inclusions Removal in the Liquid Melt Film During Electroslag Remelting Process

Published on Feb 1, 2021in Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B-process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science2.035
· DOI :10.1007/S11663-020-02012-6
Yifeng Guo4
Estimated H-index: 4
(SHU: Shanghai University),
Zhibin Xia3
Estimated H-index: 3
(SHU: Shanghai University)
+ 6 AuthorsYunbo Zhong20
Estimated H-index: 20
(SHU: Shanghai University)
Sources
Abstract
Magnetic-controlled Electroslag Remelting (MC-ESR) process has been proposed to improve the inclusion removal efficiency in recent years. In this study, the effects of axial static magnetic field (ASMF) on liquid melting film (LMF) and inclusion removal during this period in ESR process of GCr15 steel were studied by a series of MC-ESR experiments. The thickness of the characteristic position of LMF was reduced by 18.6 to 90.3 pct when a 50 mT ASMF was applied. The number and size of the inclusions in LMF were also decreased. In addition, the mechanisms of LMF thinning and inclusion removal efficiency improvement enhanced by the ASMF were interpreted in detail. Furthermore, a numerical simulation of the inclusion migration in LMF was also carried out to support the proposed mechanisms to some extent.
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#2Yifeng GuoH-Index: 4
Last. Yunbo ZhongH-Index: 1
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Electroslag remelting (ESR) is an effective method for removing nonmetallic inclusions from steels or alloys. The main stage of inclusion removal during ESR is the aggregation of liquid metal film (LMF) to form droplets at the consumable electrode tip. In this study, a lab-level ESR experiment was carried out. The number and size of inclusions at the characteristic position of the electrode were quantitatively counted. The number of inclusions in the center position of LMF were larger than that ...
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#1Xiao Shi (USTB: University of Science and Technology Beijing)H-Index: 6
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The macro- and microstructures, chemical compositions, microsegregations, and nonmetallic inclusion characteristics at different positions of the as-cast IN718 ingots produced by a laboratory-scale electroslag remelting (ESR) furnace under four remelting currents (150, 200, 250, and 300 A) were compared and investigated comprehensively. The results indicate that the average melting rate increases with the increasing remelting current, and the molten pool tends to be deeper. Thus, at the same pos...
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#1Huai Wang (SHU: Shanghai University)H-Index: 8
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A transient three-dimensional coupled numerical model has been established to clarify the influence of the external transverse static magnetic field (TSMF) on droplet evolution behaviors during the electroslag remelting (ESR) process with an alternating current (50 Hz). The development of the electromagnetic field code and the calculation procedure showed that the periodic inverse Lorentz force (50 Hz) could be fully coupled with the volume of fluid model in each iteration when an external TSMF ...
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Abstract The microstructure of as-cast ingot and three-dimensional microstructure of carbides were analyzed by optical microscope and scanning electron microscope. The types of carbides were identified by X-ray diffraction. Directional solidification of electroslag remelting effectively reduced the segregation of alloying elements in as-cast ingot. The growing direction of dendrites in as-cast ingot refined by directional solidification of electroslag remelting was paralleled to crystallographic...
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A transparent physical model was set up to investigate the influence of the remelting current frequencies on droplet evolution during the magnetic-field-controlled electroslag remelting process. Physical simulation experiments were done under the remelting current of 8 A with frequencies ranging from 10 to 500 Hz, and a transverse static magnetic field (TSMF) of 0.7 T was superimposed simultaneously. The high-speed camera was used to record the evolution behavior of the droplet. Representative p...
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Abstract A transient three-dimensional (3D) coupled mathematical model has been established to study the desulfurization behavior in electroslag remelting (ESR) process. The solutions of the mass, momentum, energy, and species conservation equations were simultaneously calculated by the finite volume method. The Joule heating and Lorentz force were fully coupled through solving the Maxwell’s equations with the assistance of the magnetic potential vector. The movement of the metal droplet was des...
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In the current study, mathematical models were developed to predict the transient concentration and size distribution of inclusions in a two-strand continuous casting tundish. The collision and growth of inclusions were considered. The contribution of turbulent collision and Stokes collision was evaluated. The removal of inclusions from the top surface was modeled by considering the properties of inclusions and the molten steel, such as the wettability, density, size, and interfacial tension. Th...
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Cited By0
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#1Yifeng Guo (SHU: Shanghai University)H-Index: 4
#2Zhibin Xia (SHU: Shanghai University)H-Index: 3
Last. Yunbo Zhong (SHU: Shanghai University)H-Index: 20
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Abstract null null Detailed three-dimensional (3D) microtomography characterizations of inclusions in electrode matrix, mushy zone (MZ) and liquid melt film (LMF) were performed to elucidate the motion and removal behavior of inclusions in electrode tip during magnetically controlled electroslag remelting (MC-ESR) process. A transient 2D numerical model was also built to verify the experimental results and proposed mechanisms. The number and size of inclusions exhibited an obvious increasing tre...
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