Facile manufacturing of fused-deposition modeled composite scaffolds for tissue engineering-an embedding model with plasticity for incorporation of additives.

Published on Dec 17, 2020in Biomedical Materials3.174
· DOI :10.1088/1748-605X/ABC1B0
Kamath S Manjunath , K. Sridhar1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 5 AuthorsPatil S Shantanu
#1Jinhua Li (TUD: Dresden University of Technology)H-Index: 40
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Last. Michael Gelinsky (TUD: Dresden University of Technology)H-Index: 45
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Abstract 3D printing alias additive manufacturing can transform 3D virtual models created by computer-aided design (CAD) into physical 3D objects in a layer-by-layer manner dispensing with conventional molding or machining. Since the incipiency, significant advancements have been achieved in understanding the process of 3D printing and the relationship of component, structure, property and application of the created objects. Because hydrogels are one of the most feasible classes of ink materials...
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Abstract To achieve optimum functionality and mechanical properties of advanced manufacturing-based scaffolds for biomedical application, it is important to study their mechanical strength by 3D-printing at different orientations. This study examined the effects of printing at different orientations on the mechanical properties of synthesized 3D-polylactic acid (PLA) and hydroxyapatite-modified PLA (PLA-HAp) scaffolds. A total number of 30 samples were printed in three orientations on the XY pla...
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Segmental mandibular reconstruction has been a challenge for medical practitioners, despite significant advances in medical technology. There is a recent trend in relation to customized implants, made up of porous structures. These lightweight prosthesis scaffolds present a new direction in the evolution of mandibular restoration. Indeed, the design and properties of porous implants for mandibular reconstruction should be able to recover the anatomy and contour of the missing region as well as r...
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Abstract Along with extensive research on the three-dimensional (3D) printing of polymers and metals, 3D printing of ceramics is now the latest trend to come under the spotlight. The ability to fabricate ceramic components of arbitrarily complex shapes has been extremely challenging without 3D printing. This review focuses on the latest advances in the 3D printing of ceramics and presents the historical origins and evolution of each related technique. The main technical aspects, including feedst...
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Abstract Porosity of scaffolds plays an indispensable role in tissue regeneration. In this paper, hierarchical scaffolds with tailored macro/micro-porosity architectures for bone tissue engineering applications were introduced. Poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) has been innovatively blended into poly (lactic acid) (PLA) to fabricate composite filaments for fused deposition modeling (FDM). Customized macropores (pore size > 100 μm) of scaffolds were designed and precisely fabricated by FDM process. Then...
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Biomaterial-based scaffolds are important cues in tissue engineering (TE) applications. Recent advances in TE have led to the development of suitable scaffold architecture for various tissue defects. In this narrative review on polycaprolactone (PCL), we have discussed in detail about the synthesis of PCL, various properties and most recent advances of using PCL and PCL blended with either natural or synthetic polymers and ceramic materials for TE applications. Further, various forms of PCL scaf...
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In this study, nanocomposites were prepared by melt blending poly(butylene succinate) (PBS) with a polycarbonate (PC)/multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) masterbatch, in a twin-screw extruder. The nanocomposites contained 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, and 4.0 wt% MWCNTs. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and wide angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) results indicate that the blends are partially miscible, hence they form two phases (i.e., PC-rich and PBS-rich phases). The P...
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: Microporosity has a critical role in improving the osteogenesis of scaffolds for bone tissue engineering. Although the exact mechanism, by which it promotes new bone formation, is not well recognized yet, the related hypothesis can be found in many previous studies. This review presents those possible mechanisms about how the microporosity enhances the osteogenic-related functions of cells in vitro and the osteogenic activity of scaffolds in vivo. In summary, the increased specific surface are...
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