Cardiovascular Health After Preeclampsia: Patient and Provider Perspective
Published on Mar 4, 2021in Journal of Womens Health1.933
· DOI :10.1089/JWH.2020.8384
Background: Preeclampsia predicts future cardiovascular disease (CVD) yet few programs exist for post-preeclampsia care. Methods: The Health after Preeclampsia Patient and Provider Engagement Network workshop was convened at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study in June 2018. The workshop sought to identify: 1) patient perspectives on barriers and facilitators to CVD risk reduction; 2) clinical programs specialized in post-preeclampsia care; 3) recommendations by national organizations for risk reduction; and 4) next steps. Stakeholders included the Preeclampsia Foundation, patients, clinicians who had initiated CVD risk reduction programs for women with prior preeclampsia, researchers, and national task force members. Results: Participants agreed there is insufficient awareness and action to prevent CVD after preeclampsia. Patients suggested a clinician checklist to ensure communication of CVD risks, enhanced training for clinicians on the link between preeclampsia and CVD, and a post-delivery appointment with a clinician knowledgeable about this link. Clinical programs primarily served patients in the first postpartum year, bridging obstetrical and primary care. They recommended CVD risk modification with periodic blood pressure, weight, lipid and diabetes screening. Barriers included the paucity of programs designed for this population and gaps in insurance coverage after delivery. The American Heart Association, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and the Preeclampsia Foundation have developed guidelines and materials for patients and providers to guide management of women with prior preeclampsia. Conclusions: Integrated efforts of patients, caregivers, researchers, and national organizations are needed to improve CVD prevention after preeclampsia. This meeting's recommendations can serve as a resource and catalyst for this effort.