Systematic review and meta-analysis of contemporary pancreas surgery with arterial resection

Published on Sep 7, 2020in Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery3.445
· DOI :10.1007/S00423-020-01972-2
Artur Rebelo3
Estimated H-index: 3
(MLU: Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg),
Ibrahim Büdeyri1
Estimated H-index: 1
(MLU: Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg)
+ 5 AuthorsJörg Kleeff97
Estimated H-index: 97
(MLU: Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg)
Sources
Abstract
OBJECTIVE Advances in multimodality treatment paralleled increasing numbers of complex pancreatic procedures with major vascular resections. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the current outcomes of arterial resection (AR) in pancreatic surgery. METHODS A systematic literature search was carried out from January 2011 until January 2020. MOOSE guidelines were followed. Predefined outcomes were morbidity, pancreatic fistula, postoperative bleeding and delayed gastric emptying, reoperation rate, mortality, hospital stay, R0 resection rate, and lymph node positivity. Duration of surgery, blood loss, and survival were also analyzed. RESULTS Eight hundred and forty-one AR patients were identified in a cohort of 7111 patients. Morbidity and mortality rates in these patients were 66.8% and 5.3%, respectively. Seven studies (579 AR patients) were included in the meta-analysis. Overall morbidity (48% vs 39%, p = 0.1) and mortality (3.2% vs 1.5%, p = 0.27) were not significantly different in the groups with or without AR. R0 was less frequent in the AR group, both in patients without (69% vs 89%, p < 0.001) and with neoadjuvant treatment (50% vs 86%, p < 0.001). Weighted median survival was shorter in the AR group (18.6 vs 32 months, range 14.8-43.1 months, p = 0.037). CONCLUSIONS Arterial resections increase the complexity of pancreatic surgery, as demonstrated by relevant morbidity and mortality rates. Careful patient selection and multidisciplinary planning remain important.
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The exact contribution of preoperative coil embolization in distal pancreatectomy with en bloc celiac axis resection (DP-CAR) for the prevention of ischemic liver complication is not fully elucidated. From January 2004 to July 2015, 31 patients underwent DP-CAR for the pancreatic body–tail cancer. Twenty-three patients received preoperative coil embolization. The characteristics and operative outcomes were analyzed retrospectively. The median survival time and 1- and 3-year overall survival rate...
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Abstract Background Stage 3 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is defined by arterial involvement. This study objective was to evaluate outcomes for patients with stage 3 PDAC with potentially reconstructable arterial involvement, considered for neoadjuvant therapy (NAT) and pancreatic resection, and to compare outcomes following arterial (AR) and non-arterial resection (NAR). Methods This study included patients from 2009 to 2016 with biopsy-proven stage 3 PDAC who were offered NAT before ...
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Cited By7
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#1Monish Karunakaran (Medanta)H-Index: 2
#2Savio G. Barreto (Flinders University)H-Index: 22
Two areas that remain the focus of improvement in pancreatic cancer include high post-operative morbidity and inability to uniformly translate surgical success into long-term survival. This narrative review addresses specific aspects of pancreatic cancer surgery, including neoadjuvant therapy, vascular resections, extended pancreatectomy, extent of lymphadenectomy and current status of minimally invasive surgery. R0 resection confers longer disease-free survival and overall survival. Vascular an...
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BACKGROUND Multimodal treatment concepts enhance options for surgery in locally advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). This review provides an overview of technical advances to facilitate curative-intent resection in PDAC. METHODS A review of the literature addressing current technical advances in surgery for PDAC was performed, and current state-of-the-art surgical techniques summarized. RESULTS Artery-first and uncinate-first approaches, dissection of the anatomical triangle between...
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#1Benno Traub (University of Ulm)H-Index: 5
#2K. H. Link (University of Ulm)H-Index: 10
Last. Marko Kornmann (University of Ulm)H-Index: 39
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The distinct biology of pancreatic cancer with aggressive and early invasive tumor cells, a tumor promoting microenvironment, late diagnosis, and high therapy resistance poses major challenges on clinicians, researchers, and patients. In current clinical practice, a curative approach for pancreatic cancer can only be offered to a minority of patients and even for those patients, the long-term outcome is grim. This bitter combination will eventually let pancreatic cancer rise to the second leadin...
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#1Giuseppe NigriH-Index: 30
Last. Giovanni RamacciatoH-Index: 24
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Background: Major vascular invasion represents one of the most frequent reasons to consider pancreatic adenocarcinomas unresectable, although in the last decades, demolitive surgeries such as distal pancreatectomy with celiac axis resection (DP-CAR) have become a therapeutical option. Methods: A meta-analysis of studies comparing DP-CAR and standard DP in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma was conducted. Moreover, a systematic review of studies analyzing oncological, postoperative and survi...
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#1Yosuke Inoue (JFCR: Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research)H-Index: 18
#2Atushi ObaH-Index: 1
Last. Yu TakahashiH-Index: 17
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Aggressive arterial resection (AR) or total pancreatectomy (TP) in surgical treatment for locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) had long been discouraged because of their high mortality rate and unsatisfactory long-term outcomes. Recently, new chemotherapy regimens such as FOLFIRINOX or Gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel have provided more adequate patient selection and local tumor suppression, justifying aggressive local resection. In this review, we investigate the recent reports focusing on a...
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