Surface functionalization of PEEK with silicon nitride.
Published on Jan 1, 2021in Biomedical Materials3.174
· DOI :10.1088/1748-605X/ABB6B1
Surface roughness, bioactivity, and antibacterial properties are desirable in skeletal implants. We hot-pressed a mix of particulate sodium chloride (NaCl) salt and silicon nitride (β-Si3N4) onto the surface of bulk PEEK. NaCl grains were removed by leaching in water, resulting in a porous PEEK surface embedded with ~15 vol.% β-Si3N4 particles. This functionalized surface showed the osteogenic and antibacterial properties previously reported in bulk silicon nitride implants. Surface enhancement of PEEK with β-Si3N4 could improve the performance of spinal fusion cages, by facilitating arthrodesis and resisting bacteria.