Surface functionalization - a new functional dimension added to 3D Printing

Published on Sep 24, 2020in Journal of Materials Chemistry C6.641
· DOI :10.1039/D0TC02850A
Jiang Pan6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
Zhongying Ji8
Estimated H-index: 8
+ 1 AuthorsFeng Zhou85
Estimated H-index: 85
Source
Abstract
Various requirements raised by actual applications in different fields for 3D printing have provoked its rapid development in technologies together with various specific materials. A protocol, combining 3D printing with surface modification, is standing out recently due to its outstanding capability to meet requirements in the fields where surface properties are critical by controlling the surface performance of the 3D printed architectures. The so-called surface functionalized 3D printing, by adding a new functional dimension to the surface of 3D printed objects, is believed to be robust, time-saving, cost-effective, and highly desirable approach for 3D printing meeting a variety of demands, compared to solely developing special-purpose material for each. The general strategy and the methods including etching, deposition processing, micro-nano composition coating, and polymer brush assisted surface modification are summarized in this review, and as well as the various applications and feasibilities in biomedicine, engineering, flexible electronics, smart devices and so forth, due to the acquired features originating from the postprocessing, including the wettability, the biocompatibility and bioactivity, high strength, and the conductivity etc.
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