Characterization, antibiofilm and biocompatibility properties of chitosan hydrogels loaded with silver nanoparticles and ampicillin: an alternative protection to central venous catheters.

Published on Dec 1, 2020in Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces4.389
· DOI :10.1016/J.COLSURFB.2020.111292
Montserrat Lopez-Carrizales2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí),
E. Mendoza-Mendoza7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí)
+ 9 AuthorsFidel Martinez-Gutierrez13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí)
Abstract The purpose of this study was to generate novel chitosan hydrogels (CHs) loaded with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and ampicillin (AMP) to prevent early formation of biofilms. AgNPs and CHs were characterized by UV-Vis, DLS, TEM, rheology, FT-IR, Raman, and SEM. The antibiofilm effect of the formulations was investigated against four multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant pathogens using a colony biofilm, a high cell density and gradients model. Also, their hemostatic properties and cytotoxic effect were evaluated. Rheology results showed that CHs with AgNPs and AMP are typical non-Newtonian pseudoplastic fluids. The CH with 25 ppm of AgNPs and 50 ppm AMP inhibited the formation of biofilms of Acinetobacter baumannii, Enterococcus faecium and Staphylococcus epidermidis, while a ten-fold increase of the antimicrobial’s concentration was needed to inhibit the biofilm of the β-lactamase positive Enterobacter cloacae. Further, CH with 250 ppm of AgNPs and 500 ppm AMP showed anticoagulant effect, and it was shown that all formulations were biocompatible. Besides to previous reports that described the bioadhesion properties of chitosan, these results suggest that AgNPs and AMP CHs loaded could be used as prophylactic treatment in patients with central venous catheter (CVC), inhibiting the formation of biofilms in their early stages, in addition to their anticoagulant effect and biocompatibility, those properties could keep the functionality of CVC helping to prevent complications such as sepsis and thrombosis.
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