Exosite inhibition of A Disintegrin And Metalloproteinase with Thrombospondin motif (ADAMTS)-5 by a glycoconjugated arylsulfonamide

Published on Jun 12, 2020in bioRxiv
· DOI :10.1101/2020.06.12.146324
Salvatore Santamaria14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Imperial College London),
Doretta Cuffaro5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UniPi: University of Pisa)
+ 7 AuthorsJosefin Ahnstroem (Imperial College London)
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Abstract
ADAMTS-5 is a major protease involved in the turnover of proteoglycans such as aggrecan and versican. Its aggrecanase activity has been directly linked to the etiology of osteoarthritis (OA), identifying ADAMTS-5 as a pharmaceutical target for OA treatment. However, most existing ADAMTS-5 inhibitors target its active site and therefore suffer from poor selectivity. Here, using a novel approach, we have designed a new class of sugar-based arylsulfonamide inhibitors, which are selective for ADAMTS-5 through binding to a previously unknown substrate-binding site (exosite). Docking calculations combined with molecular dynamics simulations demonstrated that our lead compound is a cross-domain inhibitor that targets the interface of the metalloproteinase and disintegrin-like domains. Targeted mutagenesis identified disintegrin-like domain residues K532 and K533 as an exosite which is critical for substrate recognition. Furthermore, we show that this exosite acts as major determinant for inhibitor binding and, therefore, can be targeted for development of selective ADAMTS-5 inhibitors.
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