Visual outcomes after three different surgical procedures for correction of refractive error in patients with thin corneas.

Published on Jun 18, 2020in International Journal of Ophthalmology1.33
· DOI :10.18240/IJO.2020.06.18
Hye Seong Hwang3
Estimated H-index: 3
(CBNU: Chungbuk National University),
Hyun Jeong Lee1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsJae-Hyung Kim20
Estimated H-index: 20
Sources
Abstract
Aim To investigate and compare the visual and refractive outcomes of small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE), laser assisted sub-epithelial keratomileusis (LASEK), and LASEK combined with corneal collagen cross-linking (LASEK-CXL) surgery in patients with less than 500 µm of central corneal thickness (CCT). Methods The retrospective medical records review was conducted on the patients with CCT less than 500 µm treated with SMILE, LASEK, and LASEK-CXL. There was a total of 172 eyes, 76 eyes were in the SMILE group, 53 eyes in the LASEK group, and 43 eyes in the LASEK-CXL group. Uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), spherical equivalent refraction (SE), and corneal haze were followed up in the three groups for 12mo. Results At 12mo postoperatively, there were no statistically significant differences in UDVA and in the absolute value of SE between the three groups. The predictability within ±0.50 D in the SMILE group (85.5%) was significantly higher than in both the LASEK group (64.2%, P Conclusion In patients with CCT less than 500 µm, SMILE, LASEK, and LASEK-CXL appear to be effective for myopic correction. Among them, SMILE surgery shows the highest predictability.
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