The intraocular pressure responses to oral academic examination: The influence of perceived levels of public speaking anxiety.

Published on May 23, 2020in Applied Ergonomics3.661
· DOI :10.1016/J.APERGO.2020.103158
Jesús Vera10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UGR: University of Granada),
Beatriz Redondo9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UGR: University of Granada)
+ 2 AuthorsRaimundo Jiménez13
Estimated H-index: 13
(UGR: University of Granada)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract We examined the intraocular pressure responsiveness to oral examination stress, as well as the mediating role of the perceived levels of public speaking anxiety on intraocular pressure changes. Thirty-two university students (intervention group) publicly defended their degree final project, and intraocular pressure and perceived levels of stress were measured before and after the oral presentation, and after 10 min of recovery. The control group (n = 32) was not exposed to any stressful situation, and the dependent measures were taken at the same time points. All participants completed the public speaking anxiety scale. The intervention group exhibited higher intraocular pressure values before the oral presentation (corrected p-values
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Abstract Stress is an ubiquitous phenomenon with significant impact on human physiology when it lasts too long, when it is too intense, or when it hits vulnerable individuals. Examining the mechanisms linking stress exposure with health and disease is an important endeavor in psychoneuroendocrine research. Empirical evidence so far revealed large intra- as well as inter-individual variability in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis responses to acute psychosocial stress, showing that the HP...
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Abstract Intraocular pressure (IOP) has been investigated as a possible objective index of mental stressors. Here, we assessed the effect of examination stress on IOP in 33 university students. A repeated-measures design was used with two experimental conditions (examination and control) and two points of measurements (pre- and post-sessions). Also, the cardiovascular response, subjective perceived stress, as well as calculated ocular perfusion pressure and blood-pulse pressure were determined. ...
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