Gender equity and public health outcomes: The COVID-19 experience.

Published on Aug 1, 2020in Journal of Business Research
· DOI :10.1016/J.JBUSRES.2020.05.031
Tak Yan Leung15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Open University of Hong Kong),
Piyush Sharma26
Estimated H-index: 26
(Curtin University)
+ 1 AuthorsPeter Hosie14
Estimated H-index: 14
Sources
Abstract
Abstract This paper extends the growing research on the impact of gender equity on public health outcomes using the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic as its research setting. Specifically, it introduces a conceptual model incorporating the impact of gender equity and human development on women’s representation in legislature and public health expenditure, and their combined impact with human environment (population density, aging population and urban population) on important public health outcomes in the Covid-19 context, including the total number of tests, diagnosed, active and critical cases, and deaths. Data from 210 countries shows support for many of the hypothesized relationships in the conceptual model. The results provide useful insights about the factors that influence the representation of women in political systems around the world and its impact on public health outcomes. The authors also discuss implications for public health policy-makers to ensure efficient and effective delivery of public health services in future.
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
5 Citations
45 Citations
178 Citations
References25
Newest
#1Srinivas Murthy (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 41
#2Charles D. Gomersall (CUHK: The Chinese University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 42
Last. Robert A. Fowler (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 62
view all 3 authors...
Initial reports suggest that COVID-19 is associated with severe disease that requires intensive care in approximately 5\\% of proven infections. Given how common the disease is becoming, as in prior major severe acute respiratory infection outbreaks—SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome), MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome), avian influenza A(H7N9), and influenza A(H1N1)pdm09—critical care will be an integral component of the global response to this emerging infection.The rapid increase in...
352 CitationsSource
#1Claude-Hélène Mayer (UJ: University of Johannesburg)H-Index: 12
#2Rudolf M. Oosthuizen (UNISA: University of South Africa)H-Index: 10
3 CitationsSource
#1Joseph F. Hair (USA: University of South Alabama)H-Index: 74
#2Jeffrey J. RisherH-Index: 2
Last. Christian M. Ringle (TUHH: Hamburg University of Technology)H-Index: 74
view all 4 authors...
The purpose of this paper is to provide a comprehensive, yet concise, overview of the considerations and metrics required for partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) analysis and result reporting. Preliminary considerations are summarized first, including reasons for choosing PLS-SEM, recommended sample size in selected contexts, distributional assumptions, use of secondary data, statistical power and the need for goodness-of-fit testing. Next, the metrics as well as the rul...
1,309 CitationsSource
#1Mariëlle A. Beenackers (Erasmus University Medical Center)H-Index: 13
#2Joost Oude Groeniger (Erasmus University Medical Center)H-Index: 7
Last. Frank J. van Lenthe (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 59
view all 4 authors...
Abstract We investigated the association and underlying pathways between urban population density and mortality in a compact mid-sized university city in the Netherlands. Baseline data from the GLOBE cohort study (N = 10,120 residents of Eindhoven) were linked to mortality after 23 years of follow up and analyzed in multilevel models. Higher population density was modestly related to increased mortality, independently of baseline socioeconomic position and health. Higher population density was r...
18 CitationsSource
#1C.-E. A. WinslowH-Index: 19
277 Citations
#1Janak Pandey (Allahabad University)H-Index: 16
#2Uday Jain (Allahabad University)H-Index: 1
The paper reports findings related to perceived worldviews and risk associated with environmental problems by the residents of urban neighborhoods. Unhygienic environmental conditions are common in residential areas of medium-size cities like Allahabad, India. The respondents were 102 men and 102 women of four residential neighborhoods which varied in population, layout planning (congested vs. wide-streets) and pollutions (noise, garbage, drainage). In addition to background information, they co...
2 CitationsSource
#1Marielle Jambroes (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 8
#2Trudi NederlandH-Index: 2
Last. Dirk Ruwaard (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 20
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Background In many developed countries ageing populations, growing health-care costs, and the rising burden of chronic diseases pose challenges for health systems and require innovations to improve and maintain population health. "Health as the ability to adapt and to self manage, in the face of social, physical and emotional challenges" was introduced as a new concept of health at an invitational conference in 2011, in reaction to the static nature and lack of realism of the 1948 WHO d...
5 CitationsSource
#1Corinne Post (Lehigh University)H-Index: 18
#2Kris Byron (GSU: Georgia State University)H-Index: 11
Despite a large body of literature examining the relationship between women on boards and firm financial performance, the evidence is mixed. To reconcile the conflicting results, we statistically combine the results from 140 studies and examine whether these results vary by firms' legal/regulatory and socio-cultural contexts. We find that female board representation is positively related to accounting returns and that this relationship is more positive in countries with stronger shareholder prot...
546 CitationsSource
#1Nancy C. Lee (HHS: United States Department of Health and Human Services)H-Index: 7
#2Faye L. Wong (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 5
Last. George‐Ann Stokes‐Townsend (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 1
view all 8 authors...
In 1990, Congress passed the Breast and Cervical Cancer Mortality Prevention Act because of increases in the number of low-income and uninsured women being diagnosed with breast cancer. This act authorized the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to establish the National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program (NBCCEDP) to provide high-quality and timely breast and cervical cancer screening and diagnostic services to low-income, uninsured women. The program started in 199...
51 CitationsSource
#1Tae Kuen KimH-Index: 1
#2Shannon R. LaneH-Index: 1
This research empirically analyzed the relationship between public health expenditure and national health outcomes among developed countries. The data was collected from 17 OECD countries between 1973 and 2000. Two public health outcome indicators, infant mortality rate and life expectancy at birth, were used as dependent variables. To analyze cross-country panel data, we used a mixed-effect model. A statistically significant association was found between government health expenditure and public...
29 Citations
Cited By20
Newest
#1Aneela Maqsood (Fatima Jinnah Women University)H-Index: 3
#2Jaffar Abbas (RMIT: RMIT University)H-Index: 15
Last. Riaqa Mubeen (HIT: Harbin Institute of Technology)H-Index: 4
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Background The coronavirus pandemic appeared as the worst global health disaster of the century. Since the advent of the Second world war-2, humankind has experienced the most challenging health emergencies. The novel respiratory disease (SARS-CoV-2) emerged in Wuhan at the end of December 2019. Aim The study focuses on providing education through the educational system with a mode of delivery using digital solutions with a new paradigm method. Method This research incorporates the stat...
16 CitationsSource
In response to insufficient understanding of the determinants of change in e-shopping behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic in developing countries, this paper used the data from 355 respondents, collected in Hanoi during the social distancing period (April 2020), to explore the factors associated with shopping online more frequently (i.e., representing the growth of e-shopping) for five product types (food, medical products, clothing, electronics, and books) in Hanoi, Vietnam. The results show...
Source
#1Ting-An-Xu Liu (IU: Indiana University)
#2G. Breck Wightman (IU: Indiana University)H-Index: 2
Last. Jordan Hunter (IU: Indiana University)
view all 4 authors...
The COVID-19 pandemic has imposed changes on governments across the world. Scholars responded to this crisis with a wide range of comparative studies and theoretical alternatives that addressed “bi...
Source
Abstract null null The attractiveness of service employees can have a significant impact on customer attitudes and behaviors. While frontline employees can reduce the risk of the COVID-19 transmission and infection by wearing facemasks, doing so can also influence customers’ perceptions of employees’ attractiveness and thus affect customer satisfaction. Based on the Gestalt theory, this study explores the impact of hotel employees’ facemask-wearing on customer satisfaction through two experiment...
Source
#1Patricia CarracedoH-Index: 2
Last. Luisa Marti (Polytechnic University of Valencia)H-Index: 6
view all 3 authors...
Abstract COVID-19 has brought about a marked slowdown in global economic development. Companies have been forced to adopt new managerial guidelines to adapt to the difficult conditions and to survive in this “new normal”. The recent and still scarce literature in this field seeks to provide suitable solutions to prevent irreparable disruption and help strengthen business, but does not apply advanced statistical methods to that end. The aim of this paper is to identify the current research lines ...
5 CitationsSource
#1Patrick van Esch (AUT: Auckland University of Technology)H-Index: 11
#1van Esch (AUT: Auckland University of Technology)
view all 3 authors...
We investigate the interactive effect of donors’ self-construal and frame of a persuasive message (emphasizing statistical or identifiable victims affected by COVID-19) on donation intent. Three st...
Source
Last. Hall B
view all 3 authors...
Source
#1Mary J. Renfrew (Dund.: University of Dundee)H-Index: 45
#2Gwendolen Bradshaw (University of Bradford)H-Index: 3
Last. Grace Thomas (Cardiff University)H-Index: 2
view all 8 authors...
Abstract The context of healthcare and of healthcare education has radically changed as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic. To identify positive strategies for midwifery education in this context, five case studies from the UK and beyond were conducted using an appreciative enquiry approach, from the perspectives of students, the maternity services, cross-university collaboration, and digital learning. A health system analysis was used to identify strategies to cope, adapt, and transform for the ...
2 CitationsSource
The rapid and widespread of COVID-19 has caused severe multifaceted effects on society but differently in women and men, thereby preventing the achievement of gender equality (the 5th sustainable development goal of the United Nations). This study, using data of 355 teleworkers collected in Hanoi (Vietnam) during the first social distancing period, aims at exploring how (dis)similar factors associated with the perception and the preference for more home-based telework (HBT) for male teleworkers ...
1 CitationsSource
#1Patrick van Esch (AUT: Auckland University of Technology)H-Index: 11
#2Yuanyuan (Gina) Cui (AUT: Auckland University of Technology)H-Index: 4
Last. Shailendra Pratap Jain (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 14
view all 3 authors...
Abstract We investigate COVID-19 related consumers’ donation intent predicated on their political ideology and the message frame - one emphasising the statistical number of affected victims, and the other focusing on a specifically identified victim. Across three studies, we find that the impact of the message frame depends on consumers’ political ideology. Politically conservative consumers respond to the identifiable victim (vs. statistical victims) frame more favorably while politically liber...
3 CitationsSource