The proportion of soil-borne pathogens increases with warming at the global scale

Published on May 11, 2020in Nature Climate Change25.29
路 DOI :10.1038/S41558-020-0759-3
Manuel Delgado-Baquerizo52
Estimated H-index: 52
(Pablo de Olavide University),
Carlos A. Guerra23
Estimated H-index: 23
(MLU: Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg)
+ 5 AuthorsFernando T. Maestre83
Estimated H-index: 83
(University of Alicante)
Sources
Abstract
Understanding the present and future distribution of soil-borne plant pathogens is critical to supporting food and fibre production in a warmer world. Using data from a global field survey and a nine-year field experiment, we show that warmer temperatures increase the relative abundance of soil-borne potential fungal plant pathogens. Moreover, we provide a global atlas of these organisms along with future distribution projections under different climate change and land-use scenarios. These projections show an overall increase in the relative abundance of potential plant pathogens worldwide. This work advances our understanding of the global distribution of potential fungal plant pathogens and their sensitivity to ongoing climate and land-use changes, which is fundamental to reduce their incidence and impacts on terrestrial ecosystems globally. Plant pathogens threaten food security and ecosystem health. Projections of potential fungal plant pathogens under different warming and land-use scenarios indicate that warming temperatures under climate change will lead to increases in the relative abundance of such pathogens in most soils worldwide.
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