PATTERN AND OUTCOME OF MEDICAL ADMISSIONS IN A TEACHING HOSPITAL IN THE S0UTH EAST REGION OF NIGERIA

Published on Mar 14, 2020in Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Science0
· DOI :10.15520/ijmhs.v10i03.2835
Marcellinus Nkpozi1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Abia State University),
Nwanke Ri1
Estimated H-index: 1
()
+ 2 AuthorsUgwu Et1
Estimated H-index: 1
()
Sources
Abstract
Background and Objective: Medical admissions in hospitals located within a certainregion reflect the diseases burden in that region. The objective of this study is todetermine the profile of diseases and their treatment outcome in the medical wardsof the Department of Internal Medicine, Abia State University Teaching Hospital(ABSUTH), Aba, South East,Nigeria.Materials and Methods: This was a 10-year retrospective descriptive study in whichdata was extracted from the Admission/Discharge registers in the male and femalemedical wards of ABSUTH, Aba from May 1, 2007 to April 30, 2017. Relevant dataobtained were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version20.0 software.Results: A total of 6587 admissions made up of 3153 (47.9%) males and 3434 (52.1%)females were seen with a mean age of 52.34 years. The elderly topped the list ofthe medical admissions followed by the middle aged group. Non-communicable diseases,NCDs, (73%) caused more medical admission than communicable diseases, CDs,(27%). The overall commonest causes of death in the medical wards were stroke andhuman immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome(HIV/AIDS). Stroke, diabetes mellitus (DM) related complications, heart failures andchronic kidney diseases (CKD) were the commonest causes of death among the NCDs.While mortality of the medical admissions was 22.6%, 69.4% improved and were dischargedhome. Mean duration of hospital stay for the medical admissions was 9.97days and the longest was by diabetic foot/hand ulcer.Conclusion: The female gender and the elderly population were admitted more inthe medical wards while NCDs caused more medical admissions and deaths than theCDs. Stroke followed by HIV/AIDS were the commonest overall causes of deaths inthe medical wards within the study period.Key words: medical admissions–diseases pattern–admission outcome–communicableand non-communicable diseases–South East–Nigeria
References0
Cited By1
This website uses cookies.
We use cookies to improve your online experience. By continuing to use our website we assume you agree to the placement of these cookies.
To learn more, you can find in our Privacy Policy.