Hyaluronic Acid Reduces Bacterial Fouling and Promotes Fibroblasts' Adhesion onto Chitosan 2D-Wound Dressings.

Published on Mar 18, 2020in International Journal of Molecular Sciences4.556
· DOI :10.3390/IJMS21062070
Ilaria Silvestro5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Sapienza University of Rome),
Mariangela Lopreiato4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Sapienza University of Rome)
+ 4 AuthorsIolanda Francolini24
Estimated H-index: 24
(Sapienza University of Rome)
Wound healing is a dynamic process that can be seriously delayed by many factors including infectious complications. The development of dressings with intrinsic wound healing activity and/or releasing bioactive compounds may help with addressing such an issue. In this study, hyaluronic acid (HA) at different percentages (1–35%) was used to modify chitosan (CS) biological and physico-chemical properties in order to obtain 2D-matrices able to promote healing and protect from infection. HA incorporation in the CS matrix decreased film transparency and homogeneity, but improved film water uptake and surface wettability. The water vapor transmission rate (WVTR) increased up to a 5% HA content, where it reached the highest value (672 g/m2 day), and decreased for higher HA contents. At all of the tested HA concentrations, HA affected mechanical properties providing matrices more flexible than pure CS with benefit for wound care. Pure CS films permitted S. epidermidis adhesion and biofilm formation. That was not true for CS/HA matrices, where HA at concentrations equal to or greater than 5% was able to avoid S. epidermidis adhesion. Fibroblasts adhesion also took benefit from the HA presence in the film, especially at 5% content, where the best adhesion and proliferation was found.
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