Correlations between Depressive Condition and Gastroesophageal Reflux Symptoms in Patients Visiting a Department of General Medicine.

Published on Dec 1, 2019in Acta Medica Okayama0.642
· DOI :10.18926/AMO/57711
Yu Suganami1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Okayama University),
Kosuke Oka2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Okayama University)
+ 6 AuthorsFumio Otsuka35
Estimated H-index: 35
(Okayama University)
To clarify the potential relevance of patients' chief complaints at a general medicine department to their self-rating depression scale (SDS) and frequency scale for symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) (FSSG) scores, we analyzed data of 478 patients who visited our general medicine department. The chief complaints (553 symptoms of 447 patients) were categorized into major symptom-based groups: respiratory (31%), circulatory (3%), gastrointestinal (GI) tract (26%), neurology (8%), orthopedic and skin (10%), and systemic (22%) symptoms. The SDS score tended to be higher in females and younger patients. The FSSG score did not differ by gender but was higher in younger patients. The patients receiving social welfare had higher SDS and FSSG scores. A close inter-relationship between the FSSG (including both degrees of reflux and dysmotility) and SDS was observed in all patients. Although the averages of the SDS and FSSG scores were not significantly different among the symptom-based categories, we observed significantly positive correlations between the FSSG and SDS in each category, suggesting that depressive status may be closely related to GERD-related symptoms regardless of the patients' chief complaints. An initial checkup of patients' psychological condition and/or GERD-like symptoms could help screen for latent disorders in outpatients with uncertain complaints.
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Background This study will systematically synthesize the evidence on the potential association between gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and depression disorder (DD). Methods We will search the following electronic bibliographic databases: PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, the Chinese Bio Medical Literature Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), the China Science and Technology Journal database (VIP) and Wanfang Data. In addition, ongoing trials wi...
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#2Yoshihisa Hanayama (Okayama University)H-Index: 6
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A relationship between diabetes and depression is apparent. To clarify the clinical relevance of diabetic patients' gastroesophageal symptoms to their psychological status, we retrospectively analyzed the data from a Selfrating Depression Scale (SDS) and a Frequency Scale for Symptoms of Gastroesophageal reflux disease (FSSG) among 143 type 2 diabetic patients who visited a general medicine department. Among the 45 Japanese patients enrolled, the group with relatively high SDS scores (>/= 36) sh...