Age correlation of Large Igneous Provinces with Devonian biotic crises

Published on Jan 1, 2020in Global and Planetary Change4.448
· DOI :10.1016/J.GLOPLACHA.2019.103097
Richard E. Ernst59
Estimated H-index: 59
(Carleton University),
Sergei A. Rodygin2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Tomsk State University),
Oleg M. Grinev1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Tomsk State University)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) are emerging as a significant driver of short duration climatic change including mass extinctions. Here we compare the record of LIPs against the timing of Devonian biotic crises that are well recorded in the numerous anoxia events throughout this period. The largest LIPs are two-pulse events at ca. 370 and ca. 360 Ma that are present in both Siberia (Yakutsk-Vilyui LIP) and Baltica (Kola-Dnieper LIP) and correlate with the Kellwasser anoxia events (end Frasnian) and Annulata or Dasberg and Hangenberg anoxia events in the late/latest Famennian. The regionally significant Altai Sayan LIP is only approximately dated at c.400 Ma and within uncertainties could be linked to either (or both?) the c. 405 Ma Chebbi or Atopus anoxia events near the basal Emsian (associated with graptolite extinction) or the c. 385–390 Ma group of anoxia events in the Eifelian or Givetian. Additional magmatic events that are less precisely dated are: 1) the c. 400–345 Ma Kedon magmatism of the Omolon craton, possibly linked with the Yakutsk-Vilyui event, 2) 380–330 Ma Maritimes (Magdalen) basin event of the Appalachian region of eastern Canada and adjacent US, 3) middle-late Devonian Selwyn basin alkaline magmatism of northwestern Canada, and 4) the Ordovician - late Silurian- possibly Devonian Soltan Maidan event Iran. However, more precise dating is required for each of these before they can be usefully compared with the Devonian biotic crisis record.
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