The effect of image quality on the reliability of OCT angiography measurements in patients with diabetes.

Published on Nov 4, 2019
· DOI :10.1186/S40942-019-0197-4
Cecília Czakó6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Semmelweis University),
Lilla István4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Semmelweis University)
+ 9 AuthorsIllés Kovács23
Estimated H-index: 23
(Semmelweis University)
Sources
Abstract
This study aimed to determine the relationship between image quality and measurement repeatability of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) parameters in patients with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy. A total of 100 eyes of 50 patients were included in the study. Three OCTA images were obtained consecutively during one session of imaging in all patients using the RTVue AngioVue OCTA device. We applied the signal strength index (SSI) provided by the RTVue system to define scan quality. Superficial vessel density (VD) in the central 3 × 3 mm macular and in the perifoveal region, as well as foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area were evaluated by the AngioAnalytics software for each scan from three consecutive measurements, whereby measurement repeatability of the OCTA parameters were calculated. The effect of SSI value on OCTA parameters, as well as on measurement errors was assessed. Values of SSI ranged from 30 to 85 with an overall mean of 61.79 ± 10.38. Mean SSI values showed significant positive correlation with the mean retinal capillary vessel density values, but not with non-flow area. Repeatability of OCTA parameters was generally improved with higher SSI values. We calculated a mean correction factor of 0.22% (95% CI 0.20–0.24 µm; p < 0.001) for VD at the 3 × 3 mm macular scan, 0.23% (95% CI 0.21–0.26%; p < 0.001) for perifoveal VD and − 0.001 mm2 (95% CI − 0.001 to 0.002; p = 0.001) for the non-flow area for each unit increase in SSI for the comparison of images with different SSI values. The influence of image quality on OCTA metrics should be considered for image comparisons during follow-up to avoid misinterpretation of small changes in OCTA parameters in patients with diabetes.
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