Deep eutectic solvents and their applications as green solvents

Published on Feb 1, 2020in Green and Sustainable Chemistry
· DOI :10.1016/J.COGSC.2019.09.004
Filippo Maria Perna28
Estimated H-index: 28
(University of Bari),
Paola Vitale22
Estimated H-index: 22
(University of Bari),
Vito Capriati32
Estimated H-index: 32
(University of Bari)
Abstract Several examples illustrate the effectiveness of using Deep Eutectic Solvents (DESs) as environmentally responsible reaction media in polar organometallic chemistry, and in metal- and bio-catalysed processes in place of conventional, often hazardous volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Aside from the standpoint of “greenness”, applications of DESs in the above fields also reveal novel aspects of reactivity of practical significance, which are worthy of an in-depth mechanistic understanding: (a) metal-mediated organic transformations can be run in DESs competitively with protonolysis, often at room temperature and under air; (b) metal-catalysed reactions proceed efficiently and under milder conditions in DESs than in VOCs, with the catalyst and DES being easily and successfully recycled; (c) biocatalysts often exhibit higher stability, selectivity and performances in DES mixtures than in aqueous solutions, and a somewhat intriguing stereoselectivity.
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