The Effect of Alkali Treatment on Chemical and Physical Properties of Ichu and Cabuya Fibers

Published on Jul 3, 2021in Journal of Natural Fibers2.622
· DOI :10.1080/15440478.2019.1675211
Carlos Tenazoa2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore),
Holmer Savastano33
Estimated H-index: 33
(USP: University of São Paulo)
+ 2 AuthorsElena Flores2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore)
Sources
Abstract
ABSTRACTIchu and Cabuya were characterized and the effect of alkali treatment on the chemical and physical properties of these fibers was studied. This treatment was carried out to remove non-cellu...
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
23 Citations
40 Citations
32 Citations
References33
Newest
#1S. MoriH-Index: 1
#2Carlos TenazoaH-Index: 2
Last. Samuel CharcaH-Index: 5
view all 5 authors...
ABSTRACTThis paper describes the research conducted to develop an optimal methodology to extract useful fibers from the “Ichu” grasses which can be used as reinforcement of polyester resin. Laminat...
6 CitationsSource
#1Ikramullah (Syiah Kuala University)H-Index: 5
#2Samsul Rizal (Syiah Kuala University)H-Index: 14
Last. Syifaul Huzni (Syiah Kuala University)H-Index: 9
view all 4 authors...
10 CitationsSource
#1Eduardo Braga Costa Santos (UFPB: Federal University of Paraíba)H-Index: 2
#2Camila Gomes Moreno (UFPB: Federal University of Paraíba)H-Index: 2
Last. Lucineide Balbino da Silva (UFPB: Federal University of Paraíba)H-Index: 4
view all 8 authors...
20 CitationsSource
#1Mohd Yussni HashimH-Index: 5
#2Azriszul Mohd AminH-Index: 7
Last. Ng Chuan HuatH-Index: 2
view all 6 authors...
Alkali treatment was known as one commonly used treatment for natural fiber and obtained a good fiber matrix adhesion, thermal and mechanical properties of composite. This paper reports the effect of alkali treatment conditions on the physical properties of kenaf fiber such as density, weight loss, diameter, cross sectional and fiber morphology. In this study, kenaf fiber were treated under various conditions alkali concentration at 2, 6 and 10 (w/v%), immersion duration at 30, 240 and 480 minut...
30 CitationsSource
#1A. Oushabi (Applied Materials)H-Index: 6
#2S. Sair (Applied Materials)H-Index: 7
Last. A. El Bouari (Applied Materials)H-Index: 10
view all 6 authors...
Abstract This paper focuses on investigating the effect of alkali treatments on the bond characteristics of date palm fibers (DPFs) in a polyurethane (PU) matrix, including the bond strength, pullout energy. This kind of fiber treatment is generally used to improve the mechanical behavior of composites. Raw DPFs underwent a surface modification method by alkali treatment with different percentages of NaOH: 0 wt %, 2 wt %, 5 wt % and 10 wt %. All treatments were carried out under mild conditions ...
120 CitationsSource
#1S. MouhoubiH-Index: 1
#2M. E. H. BourahliH-Index: 1
Last. S. AbdeslamH-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
AbstractThe object of this study is to characterize of Algerian Alfa (Esparto grass or Stipa tenacissima L), and also to examine the effect of chemical treatment on different properties of this fiber. The surface of the Alfa vegetable fibers was modified by alkali treatment in 5% (NaOH) aqueous solution for 2, 4, 6, 8, 16, 24, 48, and 72 h. The chemical, physical, and morphological properties of the Alfa fibers were investigated. The results show that the Alfa fibers are composed of 39% cellulos...
23 CitationsSource
#1Mizi Fan (Brunel University London)H-Index: 30
#2F. FuH-Index: 1
Abstract The modern construction industry is subject to a period of dramatic policy shift and priority change from a profit-charged business machine to a socioeconomic and environmentally driven organism. The construction industry is one of the largest consumers of composite materials, and natural fibre composites have been identified as a potential low-impact alternative to other synthetic composites. This chapter first classifies the diverse range of natural fibre composites in construction fr...
19 CitationsSource
#1Josep Claramunt (UPC: Polytechnic University of Catalonia)H-Index: 11
#2Lucía Fernández-Carrasco (UPC: Polytechnic University of Catalonia)H-Index: 17
Last. Mònica Ardanuy (UPC: Polytechnic University of Catalonia)H-Index: 18
view all 4 authors...
Abstract This experimental research analyzes the mechanical performance and durability of facade pieces based on Portland cement matrix and flax nonwovens as reinforcement. Two types of pozzolanic additions (silica fume and metakaolin) combined with nonwovens subjected to different treatments to decrease their water absorption are analyzed as potential materials for fiber-cement sheets for building envelopes with high strength and durability. For this purpose, on the one hand, the mechanical per...
53 CitationsSource
#1M. Asim (UPM: Universiti Putra Malaysia)H-Index: 15
#2Mohammad Jawaid (UPM: Universiti Putra Malaysia)H-Index: 67
Last. Mohamad Ridzwan Ishak (UPM: Universiti Putra Malaysia)H-Index: 46
view all 4 authors...
Natural fibres are very versatile materials, their properties vary with chemical composition and physical structure. The effects of alkali, silane and combined alkali and silane treatments on the mechanical (tensile), morphological, and structural properties of Pine Apple Leave Fibres (PALF) and Kenaf Fibres (KF) were investigated with the aim to improve their compatibility with polymer matrices. The effectiveness of the alkali and saline treatments in the removal of impurities from the fibre su...
147 CitationsSource
#1Emad Omrani (UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee)H-Index: 14
#2Pradeep L. Menezes (UNR: University of Nevada, Reno)H-Index: 31
Last. Pradeep K. Rohatgi (UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee)H-Index: 64
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Natural fiber reinforced polymer composites have emerged as a potential environmentally friendly and cost-effective alternative to synthetic fiber reinforced composites. Therefore, in the past decade, a number of major industries, such as the automotive, construction and packaging industries, have shown a considerable interest in the progress of new natural fiber reinforced composite materials. The availability of natural fibers and the ease of manufacturing have tempted researchers to ...
142 CitationsSource
Cited By5
Newest
#1Nycolle G. S. Silva (UERJ: Rio de Janeiro State University)H-Index: 1
#2Natalia C. da Silva (UERJ: Rio de Janeiro State University)H-Index: 1
Last. Daniella Regina Mulinari (UERJ: Rio de Janeiro State University)H-Index: 12
view all 3 authors...
Source
view all 2 authors...
Source
The present study aimed to investigate the effect of alkali (NaOH) treatment on the morphological properties and tensile strength of Yucca Gloriosa (YG) natural fibers along with the optimization o...
Source
Abstract This paper presents the study of the mechanical properties of technical fibers extracted from the Stipa Obtusa grass considering three different alkali treatment times, 1.5, 3 and 5 h; additionally, fiber/matrix compatibility is evaluated via the single fiber fragmentation test, and the best treatment in terms of mechanical properties and compatibility is used to test the effect of gage length, strain rate and cyclic deformation. Result shows that mechanical properties increase with tre...
1 CitationsSource
#1Moisés Frías (CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)H-Index: 48
#2Laura Caneda-Martínez (CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)H-Index: 3
Last. Elena FloresH-Index: 2
view all 5 authors...
Abstract The present research study analyses, for the first time, the viability of using thermally activated ichu grass as a supplementary cementitious material for the design of future eco-cements. To this end, the ichu ash resulting from the activation was characterised and its pozzolanic activity, the evolution of its mineralogical phases during the pozzolanic reaction and the physical-mechanical behaviour of the blended cementitious matrices were analysed. The results show that ichu ash exhi...
Source