Unexpected Intrinsic Lability of Thiol-Functionalized Carboxylate Imidazolium Ionic Liquids.

Published on Oct 3, 2019in Molecules3.267
· DOI :10.3390/MOLECULES24193571
Andrea Mezzetta13
Estimated H-index: 13
(UniPi: University of Pisa),
Lorenzo Poderelli1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UniPi: University of Pisa)
+ 3 AuthorsLorenzo Guazzelli18
Estimated H-index: 18
(UniPi: University of Pisa)
New thiol-functionalized carboxylate ionic liquids (ILs), varying both for the cation and for the anion structures, have been prepared as new potential redox switching systems by reacting either 3-mercapto propionic acid (3-MPA) or N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC) with commercially available methyl carbonate ILs. Different ratios of thiol/disulfide ILs were obtained depending both on the acid employed in the neutralization reaction and on the reaction conditions used. Surprisingly, the imidazolium ILs displayed limited thermal stability which resulted in the formation of an imidazole 2-thione and a new sulfide ionic liquid. Conversely, the formation of the imidazole 2-thione was not observed when phosphonium disulfide ILs were heated, thus confirming the involvement of the imidazolium ring in an unexpected side reaction. An insight into the mechanism of the decomposition has been provided by means of DFT calculations.
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