Gastric environment-stable oral nanocarriers for in situ colorectal cancer therapy

Published on Oct 15, 2019in International Journal of Biological Macromolecules5.162
· DOI :10.1016/J.IJBIOMAC.2019.08.088
Ting Wang5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Ocean University of China),
Fangqin Wang3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Ocean University of China)
+ 4 AuthorsYa Liu21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Ocean University of China)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a prevalent and fatal cancer. Oral administration provided the potential for in situ treatment of the colorectal cancer. However, drugs couldn't be well-absorbed mainly due to its degradation in the gastric area and poor intestinal permeability. In this study, we synthesized deoxycholic acid and hydroxybutyl decorated chitosan nanoparticles (DAHBC NPs) as oral curcumin (CUR) delivery system for colorectal cancer treatment. DAHBC with lower critical solution temperature (LCST) below 37 °C (27–33 °C) was obtained. DAHBC NPs were correspondingly stable in simulated gastric conditions (pH 1.2, 37 °C), due to the offset of size change between pH-responsive expansion and thermo-responsive shrinkage. In simulated intestinal tract (pH 7.0–7.4, 37 °C), DAHBC NPs exhibited burst release of CUR owing to the onefold effect of thermo-responsive shrinkage. DAHBC27 NPs showed the minimum CUR leakage (~10%) in simulated gastric conditions, because a furthest temperature-sensitive shrinkage caused by the lowest LCST offset the expansion in acid environment. DAHBC27 NPs induced ~10-fold increased (P
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