Problems with centrality measures in psychopathology symptom networks: Why network psychometrics cannot escape psychometric theory

Published on Mar 1, 2021in Multivariate Behavioral Research2.75
· DOI :10.1080/00273171.2019.1640103
Michael N. Hallquist34
Estimated H-index: 34
(PSU: Pennsylvania State University),
Aidan G. C. Wright56
Estimated H-index: 56
(University of Pittsburgh),
Peter C. M. Molenaar86
Estimated H-index: 86
(PSU: Pennsylvania State University)
Sources
Abstract
AbstractUnderstanding patterns of symptom co-occurrence is one of the most difficult challenges in psychopathology research. Do symptoms co-occur because of a latent factor, or might they directly ...
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
400 Citations
174 Citations
60 Citations
References77
Newest
#1Tessa F. Blanken (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 12
#2Marie K. Deserno (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 8
Last. Angélique O. J. Cramer (Tilburg University)H-Index: 27
view all 7 authors...
Network theory, as a theoretical and methodological framework, is energizing many research fields, among which clinical psychology and psychiatry. Fundamental to the network theory of psychopathology is the role of specific symptoms and their interactions. Current statistical tools, however, fail to fully capture this constitutional property. We propose community detection tools as a means to evaluate the complex network structure of psychopathology, free from its original boundaries of distinct...
23 CitationsSource
#1Sacha Epskamp (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 33
#2Eiko I. Fried (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 33
Recent years have seen an emergence of network modeling applied to moods, attitudes, and problems in the realm of psychology. In this framework, psychological variables are understood to directly affect each other rather than being caused by an unobserved latent entity. In this tutorial, we introduce the reader to estimating the most popular network model for psychological data: the partial correlation network. We describe how regularization techniques can be used to efficiently estimate a parsi...
400 CitationsSource
#1Alexandre HeerenH-Index: 28
#2Payton J. Jones (Harvard University)H-Index: 13
Last. Richard J. McNally (Harvard University)H-Index: 103
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Background Social anxiety disorder (SAD) and depressive symptoms often covary. Yet, uncertainty still abounds vis-a-vis the individual symptom-to-symptom associations between these two disorders. Inspired by the network approach to psychopathology that conceptualizes comorbidity as a natural consequence arising from bridge symptoms that can transmit activation from one disorder to the other, we applied network analytic methods to characterize the associations among core symptoms of SAD—...
56 CitationsSource
#1Sacha Epskamp (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 33
#2Denny Borsboom (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 76
Last. Eiko I. Fried (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 33
view all 3 authors...
The usage of psychological networks that conceptualize behavior as a complex interplay of psychological and other components has gained increasing popularity in various research fields. While prior publications have tackled the topics of estimating and interpreting such networks, little work has been conducted to check how accurate (i.e., prone to sampling variation) networks are estimated, and how stable (i.e., interpretation remains similar with less observations) inferences from the network s...
743 CitationsSource
#1Kenneth S. Kendler (VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University)H-Index: 207
#2Steven H. Aggen (VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University)H-Index: 45
Last. Eiko I. Fried (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 33
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Introduction We compared DSM-IV criteria for major depression (MD) with clinically selected non-DSM criteria in their ability to represent clinical features of depression. Method We conducted network analyses of 19 DSM and non-DSM symptoms of MD assessed at personal interview in 5952 Han Chinese women meeting DSM-IV criteria for recurrent MD. We estimated an Ising model (the state-of-the-art network model for binary data), compared the centrality (interconnectedness) of DSM-IV and non-D...
28 CitationsSource
#1Eiko I. Fried (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 33
#2Marloes B. EidhofH-Index: 3
Last. Karen-Inge KarstoftH-Index: 19
view all 10 authors...
The growing literature conceptualizing mental disorders like posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as networks of interacting symptoms faces three key challenges. Prior studies predominantly used (a) small samples with low power for precise estimation, (b) nonclinical samples, and (c) single samples. This renders network structures in clinical data, and the extent to which networks replicate across data sets, unknown. To overcome these limitations, the present cross-cultural multisite study estim...
174 CitationsSource
#1Maarten Marsman (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 25
#2Denny Borsboom (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 76
Last. Gunter Maris (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 16
view all 8 authors...
In recent years, network models have been proposed as an alternative representation of psychometric constructs such as depression. In such models, the covariance between observables (e.g., symptoms like depressed mood, feelings of worthlessness, and guilt) is explained in terms of a pattern of causal interactions between these observables, which contrasts with classical interpretations in which the observables are conceptualized as the effects of a reflective latent variable. However, few invest...
76 CitationsSource
#1Michaela Hoffman (MU: University of Missouri)H-Index: 8
#2Douglas Steinley (MU: University of Missouri)H-Index: 28
Last. Kenneth J. Sher (MU: University of Missouri)H-Index: 101
view all 4 authors...
Across various structured diagnostic instruments, the criteria used to diagnose alcohol use disorder (AUD) are not assessed consistently. For example, different instruments often pose questions that reflect different thresholds of the underlying symptoms. We consider the criteria for craving and the inability to cut down or stop drinking to demonstrate the influence of using different thresholds for a positive symptom endorsement with respect to the estimated edges of a symptom network. Results ...
8 CitationsSource
#1R. van Bork (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 5
#2Sacha Epskamp (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 33
Last. H.L.J. van der Maas (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 9
view all 5 authors...
Recent research has suggested that a range of psychological disorders may stem from a single underlying common factor, which has been dubbed the p-factor. This finding may spur a line of research in psychopathology very similar to the history of factor modeling in intelligence and, more recently, personality research, in which similar general factors have been proposed. We point out some of the risks of modeling and interpreting general factors, derived from the fields of intelligence and person...
37 CitationsSource
#1Miriam K. Forbes (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 21
#2Aidan G. C. Wright (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 56
Last. Robert F. Krueger (UMN: University of Minnesota)
view all 4 authors...
: Network analysis is quickly gaining popularity in psychopathology research as a method that aims to reveal causal relationships among individual symptoms. To date, 4 main types of psychopathology networks have been proposed: (a) association networks, (b) regularized concentration networks, (c) relative importance networks, and (d) directed acyclic graphs. The authors examined the replicability of these analyses based on symptoms of major depression and generalized anxiety between and within 2 ...
148 CitationsSource
Cited By32
Newest
#1Donald J. Robinaugh (Harvard University)H-Index: 19
#2Emma R. Toner (UVA: University of Virginia)H-Index: 1
Last. A. A. A. Manik J. Djelantik (University Medical Center Utrecht)
view all 3 authors...
Abstract null null The network theory of prolonged grief posits that causal interactions among symptoms of prolonged grief play a significant role in their coherence and persistence as a syndrome. Drawing on recent developments in the broader network approach to psychopathology, we argue that advancing our understanding of the causal system that gives rise to prolonged grief will require that we: (a) strengthen our assessment of each component of the grief syndrome, (b) investigate intra-individ...
1 CitationsSource
#1Manuel J. CuestaH-Index: 57
Last. Victor PeraltaH-Index: 52
view all 6 authors...
Abstract null null Background null Psychopathological symptoms and cognitive impairment are core features of patients with psychotic disorders. Executive dysfunctions are commonly observed and typically assessed using tests like the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). However, the structure of executive deficits remains unclear, and the underlying processes may be different. null This study aimed to explore and compare the network structure of WCST measures in patients with psychosis and their u...
Source
#1Denny Borsboom (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 76
#2Marie K. Deserno (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 8
Last. Giulio Costantini (University of Milan)H-Index: 17
view all 0 authors...
In recent years, network analysis has been applied to identify and analyse patterns of statistical association in multivariate psychological data. In these approaches, network nodes represent variables in a data set, and edges represent pairwise conditional associations between variables in the data, while conditioning on the remaining variables. This Primer provides an anatomy of these techniques, describes the current state of the art and discusses open problems. We identify relevant data stru...
2 CitationsSource
#1Mikael Rubin (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 4
#2Santiago Papini (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 14
Last. Michael J. Telch (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 61
view all 6 authors...
Depression is a highly heterogeneous disorder, and meta-analyses of mindfulness-based interventions show moderate efficacy for reducing depressive symptoms. However, the mechanisms governing their efficacy remain unclear, highlighting the need for hypothesis-generating analyses to guide future research. We used Bayesian network analysis in three cross-sectional samples (N = 1135) of undergraduates and participants from the community to identify links between individual symptoms of depression and...
Source
#1Alexandre Heeren (UCL: Université catholique de Louvain)H-Index: 28
#2Séverine Lannoy (VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University)H-Index: 10
Last. Fabien Gierski (University of Picardie Jules Verne)H-Index: 14
view all 9 authors...
Despite the large-scale dissemination of mindfulness-based interventions, debates persist about the very nature of mindfulness. To date, one of the dominant views is the five-facet approach, which suggests that mindfulness includes five facets (i.e., Observing, Describing, Nonjudging, Nonreactivity, and Acting with Awareness). However, uncertainty remains regarding the potential interplay between these facets. In this study, we investigated the five-facet model via network analysis in an unselec...
1 CitationsSource
#10Genetic Risk (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 9
Schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs) are complex syndromes involving psychopathological, cognitive, and also motor symptoms as core features. A better understanding of how these symptoms mutually impact each other could translate into diagnostic, prognostic, and, eventually, treatment advancements. The present study aimed to: (1) estimate a network model of psychopathological, cognitive, and motor symptoms in SSD; (2) detect communities and explore the connectivity and relative importance of ...
1 CitationsSource
#1Rachel E. Liebman (RyeU: Ryerson University)H-Index: 5
#2Kendra R. Becker (Harvard University)H-Index: 8
Last. Jennifer J. Thomas (Harvard University)H-Index: 28
view all 8 authors...
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and eating disorders (EDs) are individually debilitating and highly comorbid conditions. Childhood abuse is a prominent risk factor for PTSD and ED symptoms both individually and as a comorbid syndrome (PTSD-ED). There may be a functional association between comorbid PTSD-ED symptoms whereby disordered eating behaviors are used to avoid trauma-related thoughts and feelings. The current study used a network analytic approach to examine key associations between...
Source
#1Mohsen Joshanloo (KMU: Keimyung University)H-Index: 22
The primary objective of this research is to develop an integrative framework for distinguishing and classifying well-being variables. Towards this end, rigorous data-descriptive methods are used to examine the centrality of well-being variables and to explore the underlying dimensions along which these variables differ. The study uses 14 well-being variables as postulated in the tripartite model of mental well-being, including variables from 3 clusters of hedonic, psychological and social well-...
Source
#1Rui Sun (ZJU: Zhejiang University)
#2Junjun Qi (ZJU: Zhejiang University)H-Index: 1
Last. Xiao Zhou (ZJU: Zhejiang University)H-Index: 13
view all 4 authors...
Source
#1Ciarán O'Driscoll (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 6
#2Joshua E.J. Buckman (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 8
Last. Steve Pilling (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 6
view all 15 authors...
BACKGROUND Depression is commonly perceived as a single underlying disease with a number of potential treatment options. However, patients with major depression differ dramatically in their symptom presentation and comorbidities, e.g. with anxiety disorders. There are also large variations in treatment outcomes and associations of some anxiety comorbidities with poorer prognoses, but limited understanding as to why, and little information to inform the clinical management of depression. There is...
1 CitationsSource