Aversive Affect Versus Racism as Predictors of Racial Discrimination in Helping

Published on Jun 26, 2019in Basic and Applied Social Psychology1.534
· DOI :10.1080/01973533.2019.1622545
Jessica L. McManus5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Carroll College),
Donald A. Saucier21
Estimated H-index: 21
(KSU: Kansas State University)
+ 1 AuthorsDonte L. Bernard7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
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Abstract
AbstractWe examined aversive affect and racism as predictors of differences in helping White versus Black targets. According to aversive racism theory, Whites may express egalitarian attitudes but ...
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References57
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#1Luciano Gamberini (UNIPD: University of Padua)H-Index: 27
#2Luca Chittaro (University of Udine)H-Index: 52
Last. Claudio Carlesso (UNIPD: University of Padua)H-Index: 2
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A Black or White virtual human asks participants for help.Two types of simulated emergency are manipulated.Navigation behavior and anxiety change during the simulated emergency.Racial discrimination is observed.Situational aspects of the emergency affect racial discrimination. Virtual environments are increasingly used for emergency training, but tend to focus mainly on teaching prescribed emergency procedures. However, social psychology literature highlights several factors that can bias indivi...
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#1Donald A. Saucier (KSU: Kansas State University)H-Index: 21
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#1Birte Siem (Rolf C. Hagen Group)H-Index: 9
#2Katharina Lotz-Schmitt (Rolf C. Hagen Group)H-Index: 3
Last. Stefan StĂĽrmer (Rolf C. Hagen Group)H-Index: 17
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When people are faced with the decision of whether or not to help an outgroup member, they often experience conflicting motivational tendencies due to the concurrent presence of factors prompting help and factors prompting non-help. We argue that one way of how people deal with this conflict is by taking a closer look at the target's individual attributes, especially at those indicating the target's benevolence. Findings of Experiment 1 (N = 96), in which we manipulated intercultural dissimilari...
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#2Sivenesi Subramoney (UCT: University of Cape Town)H-Index: 4
Last. Melike M. Fourie (University of the Free State)H-Index: 7
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Previous research suggests that (a) racial group membership attenuates empathy, and subsequent prosocial helping behaviour, towards out-group members, and (b) helping behaviour is modified by the potential helper’s pool of cognitive resources. It remains unclear, however, how cognitive load influences empathy and helping towards racial in- versus out-group members. We investigated this question using a sample of 30 White females. After completing either a high or a low cognitive-load task, parti...
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#1Shaojing Sun (Fudan University)H-Index: 16
#2Hanna Zagefka (RHUL: Royal Holloway, University of London)H-Index: 23
Last. Robin Goodwin (Brunel University London)H-Index: 30
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The study examined the relationships between out-group perception, perceived intergroup conflict, emotions, and concern for out-group victims in the context of the Japanese earthquake of 2011. Six hundred and eighty-six participants in China completed a questionnaire immediately after the earthquake. Results showed that the image of Japan and historical conflicts between the two nations significantly predicted intergroup emotions. A positive image of Japan enhanced Chinese respondents' perceived...
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#1Jessica L. McManus (KSU: Kansas State University)H-Index: 5
#2Donald A. Saucier (KSU: Kansas State University)H-Index: 21
Natural disasters have devastating consequences, creating the need for local and international help. This commentary is a response to “Who Helps Natural Disaster Victims” (Marjanovic, Struthers, and Greenglass, 2011) and provides further evidence to better understand how intergroup attitudes may affect decisions to help victims of natural disasters. We argue that potential helpers’ attitudes toward the victims may impact their perceptions of the helping situation and the decision to provide help...
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Mar 5, 2012 in HRI (Human-Robot Interaction)
#1Aziez Sardar (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 3
#2Michiel Joosse (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 9
Last. Vanessa Evers (UT: University of Twente)H-Index: 28
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When around humans, one might expect that a social robot would act according to the social norms people expect of each other. When someone does not adhere to a prevalent social norm, people usually feel threatened and uncomfortable. In comparison, insight is needed into what is perceived as socially normative behavior for robots. We conducted an experiment in which a robot approached a participant in order to determine the effect of personal space invasion. We manipulated the agent-type (human/r...
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ABSTRACT Some studies have shown that pleasant scent encourages the prosocial behavior of people requested for help. However, the effect of pleasant ambient odor on spontaneous helping has never been tested. Male and female confederates accidentally dropped a glove on the floor while walking in places with pleasant ambient odors (e.g., pastries) and in places with no odor. The confederate continued his/her walk, seemingly unaware of his/her loss. It was found that passers-by helped the confedera...
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#1Jennifer Lynn Triplett (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 4
The ways in which people exhibit racially biased attitudes are complex. For instance, social scientists differentiate between explicit bias, or bias that is obvious and conscious, and implicit bias, or bias that is to a degree uncontrollable. Many studies focus on how these forms of racial bias relate to discrimination, however, a growing body of research indicates that racial bias can also relate to prosocial behavior. This paper discusses how social scientists measure different forms of racial...
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Last. Michael E. Levin (USU: Utah State University)H-Index: 31
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Abstract Racism and sexism are pervasive forms of discrimination that cause significant individual and societal burden. Understanding manipulable psychological processes that contribute to these modes of discrimination would aid in developing anti-prejudice interventions that target them. Psychological flexibility has been proposed as a potential tool in combating prejudice by modifying one's relationship with unwanted or automatic prejudicial thoughts, in addition to the ability to take the per...
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