Emodin suppresses growth and invasion of colorectal cancer cells by inhibiting VEGFR2.

Published on Sep 15, 2019in European Journal of Pharmacology3.263
· DOI :10.1016/J.EJPHAR.2019.172525
Guoliang Dai7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine),
Kang Ding2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine)
+ 4 AuthorsWenzheng Ju10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine)
Abstract Emodin can effectively inhibit colorectal cancer cells, but the mechanism remains elusive. This study analyzed the changes of VEGFR2 signaling pathways in patients with colorectal cancer and the effects of emodin on HCT116 cells and xenograft tumor model. The expression levels of VEGFR2, PI3K, and p-AKT in colorectal cancer tissue samples were significantly higher than those in adjacent normal ones. Docking simulation confirmed that emodin bound the hydrophobic pocket and partially overlapped with the binding sites of VEGFR2, thus disrupting VEGFR2 dimerization. Western blotting further confirmed that emodin significantly inhibited the expression of VEGFR2, and reduced the expressions of PI3K and p-AKT in HCT116 cells. Furthermore, it suppressed the growth, adhesion and migration of HCT116 cells. In addition, emodin inhibited the tumor growth in xenograft model and the expressions of VEGFR2, PI3K and p-AKT in vivo. In conclusion, emodin suppressed the growth of colorectal cancer cells by inhibiting VEGFR2, as a potential candidate for therapy.
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