Gender differences in occurrence of behavioral and emotional problems at the lower grades of elementary school: Association with developmental and behavioral characteristics at 5 years.

Published on Jun 18, 2019in Brain & Development1.504
· DOI :10.1016/J.BRAINDEV.2019.06.001
Yui Zen2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine),
Tomohiro Chiyonobu16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine)
+ 4 AuthorsHajime Hosoi33
Estimated H-index: 33
(Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine)
Abstract Aim We examined whether developmental status and behavioral problems at age five were related to the occurrence of behavioral and emotional problems in the lower grades of elementary school among non-clinical children who did not receive specialized support for developmental problems in early childhood. Methods The participants were 367 (non-clinical: 325) second- and third-grade elementary school children. The mean age at follow-up was 7.63 ( SD =  0.62). Parents completed a questionnaire about their children’s developmental status and behavioral problems during a community health check-up for 5-year-olds. Behavioral and emotional problems at school age were assessed using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). The association between developmental and behavioral characteristics at age five and each of the SDQ subscales at school age was analyzed with logistic regression. Results Hyperactivity/inattention, conduct problems, and emotional problems at school age were associated with developmental and behavioral factors in 5-year-olds. The problem of hyperactivity/inattention at school age was associated with hyperactivity/inattention in both genders, and significant gender differences were identified. The relationship with hyperactivity at the age of five was significant for boys, whereas the relationship with inattention was only significant for girls. Emotional problems were significantly associated with social behaviors and developmental status at five years of age only in girls. Conclusions It is necessary for clinicians and teachers to consider the relation of developmental and behavioral characteristics to the background of behavioral and emotional problems at school age and to be aware of gender differences.
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
2 Citations
30 Citations
#1Berit Skretting Solberg (University of Bergen)H-Index: 3
#2Anne Halmøy (University of Bergen)H-Index: 23
Last. Kari Klungsøyr (University of Bergen)H-Index: 41
view all 6 authors...
OBJECTIVE: We aimed at determining whether gender modified associations between ADHD and psychiatric comorbidities in adults. METHOD: We identified adults with ADHD by linking Norwegian national registries and compared them with the remaining adult population (born 1967-1997, ADHD and bipolar during 2004-2015, other psychiatric disorders 2008-2015). Prevalence differences (PDs) and prevalence ratios (PRs) of psychiatric disorders were determined by Poisson regression. Interaction by gender was e...
41 CitationsSource
#1Kapil Sayal (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 50
#2Vibhore Prasad (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 8
Last. David Coghill (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 64
view all 5 authors...
Summary Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood behavioural disorder. Systematic reviews indicate that the community prevalence globally is between 2% and 7%, with an average of around 5%. At least a further 5% of children have substantial difficulties with overactivity, inattention, and impulsivity that are just under the threshold to meet full diagnostic criteria for ADHD. Estimates of the administrative prevalence (clinically diagnosed or recorded) vary worldwide...
190 CitationsSource
#1Aya SaitoH-Index: 3
#2Andrew Stickley (SH: Södertörn University)H-Index: 24
Last. Yoko KamioH-Index: 25
view all 6 authors...
Although children with a greater number of autistic traits are likely to have other mental health problems, research on the association between earlier autistic traits in preschool children and later emotional/behavioral outcomes is scarce. Using data from 189 Japanese community-based children, this study examined whether autistic traits at age 5 were related to emotional/behavioral outcomes at age 7. The results showed that prior autistic traits were subsequently associated with all emotional/b...
16 CitationsSource
#1Charles Lung-Cheng Huang (CNU: Chia Nan University of Pharmacy and Science)H-Index: 11
#2Shih-Feng Weng (KMU: Kaohsiung Medical University)H-Index: 25
Last. Chung-Han Ho (CNU: Chia Nan University of Pharmacy and Science)H-Index: 18
view all 3 authors...
Abstract To verify the hypothesis that there is different gender ratio of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among adults compared to children and adolescents in the clinical setting among Asian population. The nationwide population-based database containing data on enrollees in the National Health Insurance program in Taiwan during 2000–2007 was used in this study, and we investigated the lifetime gender ratios of administrative prevalence and incidence in healthcare-seeking ADHD p...
11 CitationsSource
#1Sarah BargielaH-Index: 1
#1Sarah Bargiela (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 1
Last. William MandyH-Index: 34
view all 3 authors...
We used Framework Analysis to investigate the female autism phenotype and its impact upon the under-recognition of autism spectrum conditions (ASC) in girls and women. Fourteen women with ASC (aged 22–30 years) diagnosed in late adolescence or adulthood gave in-depth accounts of: ‘pretending to be normal’; of how their gender led various professionals to miss their ASC; and of conflicts between ASC and a traditional feminine identity. Experiences of sexual abuse were widespread in this sample, p...
245 CitationsSource
#1Guilherme V. Polanczyk (CNPq: National Council for Scientific and Technological Development)H-Index: 52
#2Giovanni Abrahão Salum (CNPq: National Council for Scientific and Technological Development)H-Index: 30
Last. Luis Augusto Rohde (CNPq: National Council for Scientific and Technological Development)H-Index: 8
view all 5 authors...
Background The literature on the prevalence of mental disorders affecting children and adolescents has expanded significantly over the last three decades around the world. Despite the field having matured significantly, there has been no meta-analysis to calculate a worldwide-pooled prevalence and to empirically assess the sources of heterogeneity of estimates. Methods We conducted a systematic review of the literature searching in PubMed, PsycINFO, and EMBASE for prevalence studies of mental di...
1,300 CitationsSource
Objective: To describe the clinical presentation of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in women and girls and factors influencing proper diagnosis and treatment. Data Sources: A PubMed search was conducted in April 9, 2012 for English-language publications from the previous 10 years. Search terms included attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, ADHD, and AD/HD combined with gender, girls, females, women, continuity, discontinuity, gap, tre...
57 CitationsSource
#1Kelly Y. C. Lai (CUHK: The Chinese University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 27
#2Patrick W. L. Leung (CUHK: The Chinese University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 39
Last. Ann S. L. Wong (CUHK: The Chinese University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
The extended Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) provides information on problem behaviours and impairment measures. Western studies found impairment measures to be as good as symptom scores in predicting clinical caseness. The high levels of comorbidities among child psychiatric disorders also meant that disorders not specifically captured by the questionnaire could be identified. This study examines its applicability among Chinese school children in Hong Kong. Results found that imp...
8 CitationsSource
#1Yoko KamioH-Index: 25
#2Naoko InadaH-Index: 10
Last. Tomonori KoyamaH-Index: 15
view all 3 authors...
The psychosocial outcomes of individuals with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD) appear to be diverse and are often poor relative to their intellectual or language level. To identify predictive variables that are potentially ameliorable by therapeutic intervention, this study investigated self-reported psychosocial quality of life and associated factors for adults with HFASD. All participants (n = 154) had a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder, were over 18 years of age, lived i...
86 CitationsSource
#1Mayada Elsabbagh (Birkbeck, University of London)H-Index: 41
#2Gauri DivanH-Index: 9
Last. Eric Fombonne (Montreal Children's Hospital)H-Index: 109
view all 12 authors...
We provide a systematic review of epidemiological surveys of autistic disorder and pervasive developmental disorders (PDDs) worldwide. A secondary aim was to consider the possible impact of geographic, cultural/ethnic, and socioeconomic factors on prevalence estimates and on clinical presentation of PDD. Based on the evidence reviewed, the median of prevalence estimates of autism spectrum disorders was 62/10 000. While existing estimates are variable, the evidence reviewed does not support diffe...
1,362 CitationsSource
Cited By2
#1Ning Pan (SYSU: Sun Yat-sen University)
#2Yangfeng GuoH-Index: 1
Last. Xiuhong Li (SYSU: Sun Yat-sen University)H-Index: 5
view all 9 authors...
Written vocabulary size plays a key role in children’s reading development. We aim to study the relationship between Chinese written vocabulary size and cognitive, emotional, and behavioral factors in primary school students. Using stratified cluster sampling, 1162 pupils from Grade 2~5 in Guangzhou were investigated. Chinese written vocabulary size, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral factors were assessed by the Chinese written vocabulary size assessment scale, the dyslexia checklist for Chin...
#1Maya N. Shvetsova (Moscow State Pedagogical University)
view all 5 authors...
In this study, the motivation and cognitive characteristics of students in the implementation of a gender-based approach to teaching and their consideration in the educational process of boys and girls are presented. The purpose of the study is to verify empirically the effectiveness of the design of the learning environment considering the gender characteristics of students by analyzing the cognitive characteristics of children studying in different types of classes. In the study, the following...